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UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

 

FORM 10-Q

 

(Mark One)

 

x Quarterly report under Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934

For the Quarter Ended September 30, 2020

 

o Transition report under Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934

For the transition period from _______ to _______.

 

Commission file number: 001-36247

 

TORCHLIGHT ENERGY RESOURCES, INC.

 

(Name of registrant in its charter)

 

Nevada 74-3237581
(State or Other Jurisdiction of Incorporation or Organization) (I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)

 

5700 West Plano Pkwy, Suite 3600

Plano, Texas 75093

 

(Address of Principal Executive Offices)

 

(214) 432-8002

 

(Registrant’s Telephone Number, Including Area Code)

 

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

 

Title of each class   Trading Symbol(s)   Name of each exchange on which registered
Common Stock, $0.001 par value   TRCH   The Nasdaq Stock Market LLC

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes x No o

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files). Yes x No o

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. Large accelerated filer o Accelerated Filer x Non-accelerated filer o Smaller reporting company x Emerging growth company o

 

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. o

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes o No x

 

As of November 9, 2020, there were 99,327,673 shares of the registrant’s common stock outstanding (the only class of voting common stock).

1

 

FORM 10-Q

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

  

Note About Forward-Looking Statements 3
     
PART I FINANCIAL INFORMATION 4
     
Item 1. Consolidated Financial Statements 4
     
  Consolidated Balance Sheets (Unaudited) 4
     
  Consolidated Statements of Operations (Unaudited) 5
     
  Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows (Unaudited) 6
     
  Consolidated Statements of Stockholders’ Equity (Unaudited) 7
     
  Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited) 9
     
Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations 27
     
Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk 30
     
Item 4. Controls and Procedures 31
     
PART II OTHER INFORMATION 31
     
Item 1. Legal Proceedings 31
     
Item 1A. Risk Factors 31
     
Item 2. Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds 32
     
Item 6. Exhibits 33
     
  Signatures 36

2

 

NOTE ABOUT FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS

 

This Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q contains forward-looking statements within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. These statements include, among other things, statements regarding plans, objectives, goals, strategies, future events or performance and underlying assumptions and other statements, which are other than statements of historical facts. Forward-looking statements may appear throughout this report, including without limitation, Item 2 “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.” Forward-looking statements generally can be identified by words such as “anticipates,” “believes,” “estimates,” “expects,” “intends,” “plans,” “predicts,” “projects,” “will be,” “will continue,” “will likely result,” and similar expressions. These forward-looking statements are based on current expectations and assumptions that are subject to risks and uncertainties, which could cause our actual results to differ materially from those reflected in the forward-looking statements. Factors that could cause or contribute to such differences include, but are not limited to, those discussed in this report and in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2019 and in particular, the risks discussed in our Form 10-K under the caption “Risk Factors” in Item 1A therein, and those discussed in other documents we file with the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”). Important factors that in our view could cause material adverse effects on our financial condition and results of operations include, but are not limited to, risks associated with our ability to extend or restructure existing debt, to obtain additional capital in the future to repay outstanding debt and fund planned expansion, the demand for oil and natural gas which demand could be materially affected by the economic impacts of COVID-19 and possible increases in supply from Russia and OPEC, the proposed business combination transaction with Metamaterial, Inc., general economic factors, competition in the industry, our ability to regain and maintain compliance with the minimum bid price requirement of the Nasdaq Stock Market and other factors that may cause actual results to be materially different from those described herein as anticipated, believed, estimated or expected. We undertake no obligation to revise or publicly release the results of any revision to any forward-looking statements, except as required by law. Given these risks and uncertainties, readers are cautioned not to place undue reliance on such forward-looking statements.

 

As used herein, the “Company,” “Torchlight,” “we,” “our,” and similar terms include Torchlight Energy Resources, Inc. and its subsidiaries, unless the context indicates otherwise.

3

 

PART I FINANCIAL INFORMATION

 

ITEM 1. FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

TORCHLIGHT ENERGY RESOURCES, INC.
CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS (Unaudited)

 

   September 30,   December 31, 
   2020   2019 
ASSETS          
Current assets:          
Cash  $258,803   $89,730 
Restricted cash   500,000    - 
Accounts receivable   268,458    199,462 
Production revenue receivable   73,464    100,546 
Subscription receivable   -    250,000 
Prepayments - development costs   750,000    - 
Prepaid expenses   153,062    96,006 
Total current assets   2,003,787    735,744 
           
Oil and gas properties, net   33,463,330    40,182,043 
Convertible note receivable   501,096    - 
Office equipment, net   4,905    6,348 
           
TOTAL ASSETS  $35,973,118   $40,924,135 
           
LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY          
Current liabilities:          
Accounts payable  $819,458   $1,444,002 
12% 2021 Secured promissory notes, net of $132,192 and $-0- of discount and financing costs, respectively   12,367,808    - 
6% 2021 Secured convertible promissory note due to related party   1,500,000    - 
12% 2020 Unsecured promissory notes, net of $-0- and $127,170 of discount and financing costs, respectively   -    8,437,127 
8% 2021 Convertible promissory notes payable, net of $733,257 of discount and BCF   1,226,743    - 
10% 2020 Convertible promissory notes payable   540,000    540,000 
14% 2020 Convertible promissory notes payable   -    2,000,000 
PPP note payable   77,477    - 
Accrued payroll   1,131,176    996,176 
Related party payables   45,000    45,000 
Due to working interest owners   54,320    54,320 
Accrued interest payable   501,171    445,861 
Total current liabilities   18,263,153    13,962,486 
           
12% 2021 Unsecured promissory notes, net of $-0- and $59,297 of discount and financing costs, respectively   -    3,940,703 
8% 2021 Convertible promissory notes payable, net of $1,186,029 of discount and BCF   -    773,971 
14% 2021 Convertible promissory notes payable, net of $26,915 of financing costs   1,973,085    - 
Convertible notes payable and accrued interest   -    7,157,260 
Asset retirement obligations   23,745    23,319 
Total liabilities   20,259,983    25,857,739 
           
Commitments and contingencies          
Stockholders’ equity:          
 Preferred stock, par value $0.001, 10,000,000 shares authorized; -0- issued and outstanding September 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019   -    - 
Common stock, par value $0.001; 150,000,000 shares authorized; 99,432,298 issued and outstanding at September 30, 2020; 76,222,042 issued and outstanding at December 31, 2019   99,438    76,225 
Additional paid-in capital   122,645,462    114,143,872 
Accumulated deficit   (107,031,765)   (99,153,701)
Total stockholders’ equity   15,713,135    15,066,396 
           
TOTAL LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY  $35,973,118   $40,924,135 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited interim consolidated financial statements.

4

 

TORCHLIGHT ENERGY RESOURCES, INC.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS (Unaudited)

 

   Three Months   Three Months   Nine Months   Nine Months 
   Ended   Ended   Ended   Ended 
   September 30, 2020   September 30, 2019   September 30, 2020   September 30, 2019 
Oil and gas sales  $61,722   $71,142   $191,819   $619,054 
                     
Cost of revenues   (23,644)   (117,104)   (171,664)   (358,424)
                     
Gross profit   38,078    (45,962)   20,155    260,630 
                     
Operating expenses:                    
General and administrative   590,369    849,425    2,244,804    2,557,343 
Depreciation, depletion and amortization   77,118    27,355    802,316    355,050 
Loss on extinguishment of debt   -    -    1,829,651    - 
Impairment loss   -    -    2,108,301    474,357 
Total operating expenses   667,487    876,780    6,985,072    3,386,750 
                     
Other income (expense)                    
Interest expense and accretion of note discounts   (256,636)   (328,895)   (914,243)   (694,077)
Interest income   1,096    -    1,096    52 
Total (expense), net   (255,540)   (328,895)   (913,147)   (694,025)
                     
Loss before income taxes   (884,949)   (1,251,637)   (7,878,064)   (3,820,145)
                     
Provision for income taxes   -    -    -    - 
                     
Net loss  $(884,949)  $(1,251,637)  $(7,878,064)  $(3,820,145)
                     
Loss per common share:                    
Basic and Diluted  $(0.01)  $(0.02)  $(0.09)  $(0.05)
Weighted average number of common shares outstanding:                    
Basic and Diluted   98,242,340    73,930,596    87,926,086    72,350,083 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited interim consolidated financial statements.

5

 

TORCHLIGHT ENERGY RESOURCES, INC.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS (Unaudited)

 

   Nine Months   Nine Months 
   Ended   Ended 
   September 30, 2020   September 30, 2019 
Cash Flows From Operating Activities          
Net loss  $(7,878,064)  $(3,820,145)
Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash from operations:          
Stock based compensation   395,150    854,720 
Stock issued for interest payments on notes payable   -    497,817 
Accrued interest payable in stock   60,801    163,168 
Amortization of debt issuance costs   230,755    214,939 
Accretion of note discounts   82,605    274,217 
Amortization of beneficial conversion on convertible notes   452,772    - 
Depreciation, depletion and amortization   802,316    355,050 
Loss on extinguishment of debt   1,829,651    - 
Impairment loss   2,108,301    474,357 
Change in:          
Accounts receivable   (68,996)   (56,456)
Production revenue receivable   27,082    247,123 
Prepayments - development costs   -    144,641 
Prepaid expenses   (57,056)   (106,265)
Accounts payable and accrued expenses   226,820    89,119 
Accrued interest payable   483,554    489,127 
Net cash from operating activities   (1,304,309)   (178,588)
           
Cash Flows From Investing Activities          
Investment in oil and gas properties   (5,570,495)   (6,606,279)
Purchase of property, plant, and equipment   -    (6,564)
Net cash from investing activities   (5,570,495)   (6,612,843)
           
Cash Flows From Financing Activities          
Issuance of common stock, net of offering costs   6,466,400    2,516,880 
Proceeds from stock subscription receivable   250,000    - 
Proceeds from notes payable   1,077,477    4,010,000 
Payment for extension of debt maturity   (250,000)   - 
Proceeds from exercise of warrants into common stock   -    184,843 
Net cash from financing activities   7,543,877    6,711,723 
           
Net increase (decrease) in cash and restricted cash   669,073    (79,708)
           
Cash and restricted cash - beginning of period   89,730    840,163 
           
Cash and restricted cash - end of period  $758,803   $760,455 
           
Supplemental disclosure of cash flow information:          
Cash paid for interest  $1,344,469   $1,131,819 
Cash paid for state franchise tax  $100   $4,442 
           
Supplemental disclosure of non-cash investing and financing activities:          
Debt converted by transfer of working interest  $7,330,849   $- 
Common stock issued for prepayment of development costs  $750,000   $- 
Common stock issued for payment in kind on notes payable  $314,107   $314,107 
Common stock issued for note principal and interest conversion  $65,646   $50,000 
Common stock issued for note extension  $16,000   $- 
Increase (decrease) in accounts payable for property development costs  $(531,864)  $225,536 
Beneficial conversion feature on convertible notes  $-   $1,145,546 
Debt discount from fair value of warrants with convertible notes  $-   $240,455 
Note receivable from third party  $500,000   $- 
Account payable relieved in transfer of oil and gas properties  $7,000   $- 
Common stock issued for lease interests  $-   $125,000 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited interim consolidated financial statements.

6

 

TORCHLIGHT ENERGY RESOURCES, INC.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY (Unaudited)

 

   Common   Common   Additional         
   stock   stock   paid-in   Accumulated     
   shares   amount   capital   deficit   Total 
Balance, December 31, 2019   76,222,042   $76,225   $114,143,872   $(99,153,701)  $15,066,396 
                          
Issuance of common stock for services    125,000    125    86,125    -    86,250 
Issuance of common stock to a vendor for delay in payment   40,000    40    25,960    -    26,000 
Issuance of common stock for cash, less underwriting/offering costs   3,885,715    3,886    2,353,232    -    2,357,118 
Warrants issued in conversion of notes payable   -    -    382,500    -    382,500 
Warrants issued for services   -    -    98,900    -    98,900 
Stock options issued for services   -    -    19,500    -    19,500 
Net loss   -    -    -    (3,693,863)   (3,693,863)
                          
Balance, March 31, 2020   80,272,757   $80,276   $117,110,089   $(102,847,564)  $14,342,801 
                          
Issuance of common stock for services   142,857    143    59,857    -    60,000 
Issuance of common stock for cash, less underwriting/offering costs   11,344,737    11,345    2,767,856    -    2,779,201 
Warrants issued in connection with common stock offerings   -    -    891,112    -    891,112 
Issuance of common stock for promissory note extension   40,000    40    15,960    -    16,000 
Common stock issued in payment of accounts payable   357,143    357    134,643    -    135,000 
Issuance of common stock for payment in kind on notes payable   680,376    680    313,427    -    314,107 
Issuance of common stock for prepayment of development costs   1,630,434    1,630    748,370    -    750,000 
Stock options issued for services   -    -    19,500    -    19,500 
Net loss   -    -    -    (3,299,252)   (3,299,252)
                          
Balance, June 30, 2020   94,468,304   $94,471   $122,060,814   $(106,146,816)  $16,008,469 
                          
Issuance of common stock for services   50,000    50    15,450    -    15,500 
Issuance of common stock for cash, less underwriting/offering costs   1,557,173    1,557    437,412    -    438,969 
Common stock issued in warrant exercise   3,157,895    3,158    (3,158)   -    - 
Common stock issued in note principal and interest conversion   198,926    202    65,444    -    65,646 
Warrants issued for services   -    -    50,000    -    50,000 
Stock options issued for services   -    -    19,500    -    19,500 
Net loss   -    -    -    (884,949)   (884,949)
                          
Balance, September 30, 2020   99,432,298   $99,438   $122,645,462   $(107,031,765)  $15,713,135 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited interim consolidated financial statements.

7

 

TORCHLIGHT ENERGY RESOURCES, INC.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY (Unaudited) (Continued)

 

   Common   Common   Additional         
   stock   stock   paid-in   Accumulated     
   shares   amount   capital   deficit   Total 
                          
Balance, December 31, 2018   70,112,376   $70,116   $107,266,965   $(89,314,305)  $18,022,776 
                          
Issuance of common stock for services   92,593    92    99,908    -    100,000 
Issuance of common stock for cash   1,592,600    1,593    1,272,487    -    1,274,080 
Issuance of common stock for interest   13,546    13    14,615    -    14,628 
Issuance of common stock for warrant exercise   100,000    100    76,900    -    77,000 
Warrants issued for services   -    -    186,000    -    186,000 
Stock options issued for services   -    -    111,250    -    111,250 
Net loss   -    -    -    (1,677,874)   (1,677,874)
                          
Balance, March 31, 2019   71,911,115   $71,914   $109,028,125   $(90,992,179)  $18,107,860 
                          
Issuance of common stock for services   100,000   $100   $148,900    -   $149,000 
Issuance of common stock for cash   695,000   $695   $555,305    -   $556,000 
Issuance of common stock for oil and gas lease extension   100,000   $100   $124,900    -   $125,000 
Issuance of common stock for interest   46,796   $48   $50,492    -   $50,540 
Issuance of common stock for note payment in kind   202,316   $202   $313,906    -   $314,108 
Issuance of common stock for option/warrant exercise   68,690   $68   $107,775    -   $107,843 
Warrants issued for services   -    -   $87,000    -   $87,000 
Stock options issued for services   -    -   $25,000    -   $25,000 
Net loss   -    -    -    (890,634)  $(890,634)
                          
Balance, June 30, 2019   73,123,917   $73,127   $110,441,403   $(91,882,813)  $18,631,717 
                          
Issuance of common stock for services   120,000    120    116,280    -    116,400 
Issuance of common stock for cash   858,500    858    685,942    -    686,800 
Issuance of common stock for interest   107,503    108    118,438    -    118,546 
Warrants issued for services   -    -    67,570    -    67,570 
Beneficial conversion feature on convertible notes   -    -    1,145,546    -    1,145,546 
Debt discount from fair value of warrants issued with convertible notes   -    -    240,455    -    240,455 
Issuance of common stock for convertible note conversion   45,455    45    49,955    -    50,000 
Stock options issued for services   -    -    12,500    -    12,500 
Net loss   -    -    -    (1,251,637)   (1,251,637)
                          
Balance, September 30, 2019   74,255,375   $74,258   $112,878,089   $(93,134,450)  $19,817,897 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited interim consolidated financial statements.

8

 

TORCHLIGHT ENERGY RESOURCES, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)
 

1.NATURE OF BUSINESS

 

Torchlight Energy Resources, Inc. was incorporated in October 2007 under the laws of the State of Nevada as Pole Perfect Studios, Inc. (“PPS”). From its incorporation to November 2010, the company was primarily engaged in business start-up activities.

 

We are engaged in the acquisition, exploitation and/or development of oil and natural gas properties in the United States. We operate our business through our subsidiaries Torchlight Energy Inc., Torchlight Energy Operating, LLC, Hudspeth Oil Corporation, Torchlight Hazel LLC, and Warwink Properties LLC.

 

2.GOING CONCERN

 

At September 30, 2020, the Company had not yet achieved profitable operations. We had a net loss of $7,878,064 for the nine months ended September 30, 2020 and had accumulated losses of $107,031,765 since our inception. We expect to incur further losses in the development of our business. The Company had a working capital deficit as of September 30, 2020 of $16,259,366. These conditions raise substantial doubt about the Company’s ability to continue as a going concern.

 

The Company’s ability to continue as a going concern is dependent on its ability to generate future profitable operations and/or to obtain the necessary financing to meet its obligations and repay its liabilities arising from normal business operations when they come due. Management’s plan to address the Company’s ability to continue as a going concern includes: (1) obtaining debt or equity funding from private placement, institutional, or public sources; (2) obtain loans from financial institutions, where possible, or (3) participating in joint venture transactions with third parties. Although management believes that it will be able to obtain the necessary funding to allow the Company to remain a going concern through the methods discussed above, there can be no assurances that such methods will prove successful.

 

These consolidated financial statements have been prepared assuming that the Company will continue as a going concern and therefore, the financial statements do not include any adjustments to reflect the possible future effects on the recoverability and classification of assets or the amount and classifications of liabilities that may result from the outcome of this uncertainty.

  

3.SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES

 

The Company maintains its accounts on the accrual method of accounting in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America. Accounting principles followed and the methods of applying those principles, which materially affect the determination of financial position, results of operations and cash flows are summarized below:

 

Use of estimates – The preparation of financial statements in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America requires management to make estimates and certain assumptions that affect the amounts reported in these consolidated financial statements and accompanying notes. Actual results could differ from these estimates.

 

Basis of presentation – The financial statements are presented on a consolidated basis and include all of the accounts of Torchlight Energy Resources Inc. and its wholly owned subsidiaries, Torchlight Energy, Inc., Torchlight Energy Operating, LLC, Hudspeth Oil Corporation, Torchlight Hazel LLC, and Warwink Properties LLC. All significant intercompany balances and transactions have been eliminated.

 

These interim financial statements are unaudited and have been prepared pursuant to the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) regarding interim financial reporting. Certain disclosures have been condensed or omitted from these financial statements. Accordingly, they do not include all the information and notes required by accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“GAAP”) for complete consolidated financial statements, and should be read in conjunction with the audited consolidated financial statements and notes thereto included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2019.

 

In the opinion of management, the accompanying unaudited financial condensed consolidated financial statements include all adjustments, consisting of normal recurring adjustments, necessary to fairly present the financial position as of, and the results of operations for, all periods presented. In preparing the accompanying financial statements, management has made certain estimates and assumptions that affect reported amounts in the condensed financial statements and disclosures of contingencies. Actual results may differ from those estimates. The results for interim periods are not necessarily indicative of annual results. Certain reclassifications have been made to the prior period’s consolidated financial statements and related footnotes to conform them to the current period presentation.

9

 

TORCHLIGHT ENERGY RESOURCES, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)
 
3.SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES - continued

 

Risks and uncertainties – The Company’s operations are subject to significant risks and uncertainties, including financial, operational, technological, and other risks associated with operating an emerging business, including the potential risk of business failure.

 

Concentration of risks – At times the Company’s cash balances are in excess of amounts guaranteed by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation. The Company’s cash is placed with a highly rated financial institution, and the Company regularly monitors the credit worthiness of the financial institutions with which it does business.

 

Fair value of financial instruments – Financial instruments consist of cash, receivables, convertible note receivable, payables and promissory notes, if any. The estimated fair values of cash, receivables, and payables approximate the carrying amount due to the relatively short maturity of these instruments. The carrying amounts of any promissory notes approximate their fair value giving affect for the term of the note and the effective interest rates. The recorded value of the Company’s convertible note receivable reflects the amount which management believes approximates fair value.

 

For assets and liabilities that require re-measurement to fair value the Company categorizes them in a three-level fair value hierarchy as follows:

 

Level 1 inputs are quoted prices (unadjusted) in active markets for identical assets or liabilities.

 

Level 2 inputs are quoted prices for similar assets and liabilities in active markets or inputs that are observable for the asset or liability, either directly or indirectly through market corroboration.

 

Level 3 inputs are unobservable inputs based on management’s own assumptions used to measure assets and liabilities at fair value.

 

A financial asset or liability’s classification within the hierarchy is determined based on the lowest level input that is significant to the fair value measurement.

 

Cash and cash equivalents - Cash and cash equivalents include certain investments in highly liquid instruments with original maturities of three months or less. Restricted cash consists of funds held in legal escrow at September 30, 2020. (See Note 9)

 

Accounts receivable – Accounts receivable consist of uncollateralized oil and natural gas revenues due under normal trade terms, as well as amounts due from working interest owners of oil and gas properties for their share of expenses paid on their behalf by the Company. Management reviews receivables periodically and reduces the carrying amount by a valuation allowance that reflects management’s best estimate of the amount that may not be collectible. As of September 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019, no valuation allowance was considered necessary.

 

Oil and gas properties – The Company uses the full cost method of accounting for exploration and development activities as defined by the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”). Under this method of accounting, the costs of unsuccessful, as well as successful, exploration and development activities are capitalized as properties and equipment. This includes any internal costs that are directly related to property acquisition, exploration and development activities but does not include any costs related to production, general corporate overhead or similar activities.

 

Oil and gas properties include costs that are excluded from costs being depleted or amortized. Oil and natural gas property costs excluded represent investments in unevaluated properties and include non-producing leasehold, geological, and geophysical costs associated with leasehold or drilling interests and exploration drilling costs. The Company allocates a portion of its acquisition costs to unevaluated properties based on relative value. Costs are transferred to the full cost pool as the properties are evaluated over the life of the reservoir. Unevaluated properties are reviewed for impairment at least quarterly and are determined through an evaluation considering, among other factors, seismic data, requirements to relinquish acreage, drilling results, remaining time in the commitment period, remaining capital plan, and political, economic, and market conditions.

 

Gains and losses on the sale of oil and gas properties are not generally reflected in income unless the gain or loss would significantly alter the relationship between capitalized costs and proved reserves. Sales of less than 100% of the Company’s interest in the oil and gas property are treated as a reduction of the capital cost of the field, with no gain or loss recognized, as long as doing so does not significantly affect the unit-of-production depletion rate. Costs of retired equipment, net of salvage value, are usually charged to accumulated depreciation.

10

 

TORCHLIGHT ENERGY RESOURCES, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)
 
3.SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES - continued

 

Capitalized interest The Company capitalizes interest on unevaluated properties during the periods in which they are excluded from costs being depleted or amortized. During the nine months ended September 30, 2020 and 2019, the Company capitalized $1,773,658 and $2,084,026, respectively, of interest on unevaluated properties.

 

Depreciation, depletion, and amortization – The depreciable base for oil and natural gas properties includes the sum of all capitalized costs net of accumulated depreciation, depletion, and amortization (“DD&A”), estimated future development costs and asset retirement costs not included in oil and natural gas properties, less costs excluded from amortization. The depreciable base of oil and natural gas properties is amortized on a unit-of-production method.

 

Ceiling test – Future production volumes from oil and gas properties are a significant factor in determining the full cost ceiling limitation of capitalized costs. Under the full cost method of accounting, the Company is required to periodically perform a “ceiling test” that determines a limit on the book value of oil and gas properties. If the net capitalized cost of proved oil and gas properties, net of related deferred income taxes, plus the cost of unproved oil and gas properties, exceeds the present value of estimated future net cash flows discounted at 10 percent, net of related realizable tax affects, plus the cost of unproved oil and gas properties, the excess is charged to expense and reflected as additional accumulated DD&A. The Company recorded an impairment expense of $2,108,301 and $474,357 for the nine months ended September 30, 2020 and 2019, respectively, to recognize the adjustment required by the ceiling test.

 

The ceiling test calculation uses a commodity price assumption which is based on the unweighted arithmetic average of the price on the first day of each month for each month within the prior 12 month period and excludes future cash outflows related to estimated abandonment costs.

 

The determination of oil and gas reserves is a subjective process, and the accuracy of any reserve estimate depends on the quality of available data and the application of engineering and geological interpretation and judgment. Estimates of economically recoverable reserves and future net cash flows depend on a number of variable factors and assumptions that are difficult to predict and may vary considerably from actual results. In particular, reserve estimates for wells with limited or no production history are less reliable than those based on actual production. Subsequent re-evaluation of reserves and cost estimates related to future development of proved oil and gas reserves could result in significant revisions to proved reserves. Other issues, such as changes in regulatory requirements, technological advances, and other factors which are difficult to predict could also affect estimates of proved reserves in the future.

 

Asset retirement obligations – The fair value of a liability for an asset’s retirement obligation (“ARO”) is recognized in the period in which it is incurred if a reasonable estimate of fair value can be made, with the corresponding charge capitalized as part of the carrying amount of the related long-lived asset. The liability is accreted to its then-present value each subsequent period, and the capitalized cost is depleted over the useful life of the related asset. Abandonment costs incurred are recorded as a reduction of the ARO liability.

 

Inherent in the fair value calculation of an ARO are numerous assumptions and judgments including the ultimate settlement amounts, inflation factors, credit adjusted discount rates, timing of settlement, and changes in the legal, regulatory, environmental, and political environments. To the extent future revisions to these assumptions impact the fair value of the existing ARO liability, a corresponding adjustment is made to the oil and gas property balance. Settlements greater than or less than amounts accrued as ARO are recorded as a gain or loss upon settlement.

 

Income taxes Income taxes are accounted for under the asset and liability method. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are recognized for the future tax consequences attributable to differences between the financial statement carrying amounts of existing assets and liabilities and their respective tax bases and operating loss carry forwards. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are measured using enacted tax rates expected to apply to taxable income in the years in which those temporary differences are expected to be recovered or settled. The effect on deferred tax assets and liabilities of a change in tax rates is recognized in income in the period that includes the enactment date. A valuation allowance is established to reduce deferred tax assets if it is more likely than not that the related tax benefits will not be realized.

 

Authoritative guidance for uncertainty in income taxes requires that the Company recognize the financial statement benefit of a tax position only after determining that the relevant tax authority would more likely than not sustain the position following an examination. Management has reviewed the Company’s tax positions and determined there were no uncertain tax positions requiring recognition in the consolidated financial statements. Company tax returns remain subject to Federal and State tax examinations. Generally, the applicable statutes of limitation are three to four years from their respective filings.

11

 

TORCHLIGHT ENERGY RESOURCES, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)

 

3.SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES - continued

 

Estimated interest and penalties related to potential underpayment on any unrecognized tax benefits are classified as a component of tax expense in the statements of operation. The Company has not recorded any interest or penalties associated with unrecognized tax benefits for any periods covered by these financial statements.

 

Share-based compensation – Compensation cost for equity awards is based on the fair value of the equity instrument on the date of grant and is recognized over the period during which an employee is required to provide service in exchange for the award.

 

The Company accounts for stock option awards using the calculated value method. The expected term was derived using the simplified method provided in Securities and Exchange Commission release Staff Accounting Bulletin No. 110, which averages an awards weighted average vesting period and contractual term for “plain vanilla” share options.

 

The Company accounts for any forfeitures of options when they occur. Previously recognized compensation cost for an award is reversed in the period that the award is forfeited.

 

The Company also issues equity awards to non-employees. The fair value of these option awards is estimated when the award recipient completes the contracted professional services. The Company recognizes expense for the estimated total value of the awards during the period from their issuance until performance completion.

 

The Company values warrant and option awards using the Black-Scholes option pricing model.

 

Revenue recognition – The Company’s revenue is typically generated from contracts to sell natural gas, crude oil or NGLs produced from interests in oil and gas properties owned by the Company. Contracts for the sale of natural gas and crude oil are evidenced by (1) base contracts for the sale and purchase of natural gas or crude oil, which document the general terms and conditions for the sale, and (2) transaction confirmations, which document the terms of each specific sale. The transaction confirmations specify a delivery point which represents the point at which control of the product is transferred to the customer. These contracts frequently meet the definition of a derivative under ASC 815, and are accounted for as derivatives unless the Company elects to treat them as normal sales as permitted under that guidance. The Company elects to treat contracts to sell oil and gas production as normal sales, which are then accounted for as contracts with customers. The Company has determined that these contracts represent multiple performance obligations which are satisfied when control of the commodity transfers to the customer, typically through the delivery of the specified commodity to a designated delivery point.

 

Revenues from oil and gas sales are detailed as follows:

 

   Three Months   Three Months   Nine Months   Nine Months 
   Ended   Ended   Ended   Ended 
   September 30, 2020   September 30, 2019   September 30, 2020   September 30, 2019 
Revenues                    
                     
Oil sales  $59,858   $71,064   $186,968   $596,247 
                     
Gas sales   1,864    78    4,851    22,807 
                     
Total  $61,722   $71,142   $191,819   $619,054 

 

Revenue is measured based on consideration specified in the contract with the customer, and excludes any amounts collected on behalf of third parties. The Company recognizes revenue in the amount that reflects the consideration it expects to be entitled to in exchange for transferring control of those goods to the customer. Amounts allocated in the Company’s price contracts are based on the standalone selling price of those products in the context of long-term contracts. Payment is generally received one or two months after the sale has occurred.

12

 

TORCHLIGHT ENERGY RESOURCES, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)

 

3.SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES - continued

 

Gain or loss on derivative instruments is outside the scope of ASC 606 and is not considered revenue from contracts with customers subject to ASC 606. The Company may in the future use financial or physical contracts accounted for as derivatives as economic hedges to manage price risk associated with normal sales, or in limited cases may use them for contracts the Company intends to physically settle but do not meet all of the criteria to be treated as normal sales.

 

Producer Gas Imbalances. The Company applies the sales method of accounting for natural gas revenue. Under this method, revenues are recognized based on the actual volume of natural gas sold to purchasers.

 

Basic and diluted earnings (loss) per share Basic earnings (loss) per common share is computed by dividing net income (loss) available to common shareholders by the weighted average number of common shares outstanding during the period. Diluted earnings (loss) per common share is computed in the same way as basic earnings (loss) per common share except that the denominator is increased to include the number of additional common shares that would be outstanding if all potential common shares had been issued and if the additional common shares were dilutive. The calculation of diluted earnings per share excludes 11,027,390 shares issuable upon the exercise of outstanding warrants and options because their effect would be anti-dilutive.

 

Environmental laws and regulations – The Company is subject to extensive federal, state, and local environmental laws and regulations. Environmental expenditures are expensed or capitalized depending on their future economic benefit. The Company believes that it is in compliance with existing laws and regulations. The Company accrued no liability as of September 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019.

 

Recent adopted accounting pronouncements – In February 2016 the FASB, issued ASU, 2016-02, Leases. The ASU requires companies to recognize on the balance sheet the assets and liabilities for the rights and obligations created by leased assets. ASU 2016-02 was effective for the Company in the first quarter of 2019. The Company adopted the change which did not have a material impact on its consolidated financial statements.

 

Other recently issued or adopted accounting pronouncements are not expected to have, or did not have, a material impact on the Company’s financial position or results from operations.

 

Subsequent events The Company evaluated subsequent events through November 9, 2020, the date of issuance of these financial statements. Subsequent events are disclosed in Note 11.

 

4.OIL & GAS PROPERTIES

 

The following table presents the capitalized costs for oil & gas properties of the Company as of September 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019: 

 

   September 30, 2020   December 31, 2019 
         
Evaluated costs subject to amortization  $16,092,416   $13,243,541 
Unevaluated costs   33,009,327    39,667,740 
Total capitalized costs   49,101,743    52,911,281 
Less accumulated depreciation, depletion  and amortization   (15,638,413)   (12,729,238)
Total oil and gas properties  $33,463,330   $40,182,043 

 

Unevaluated costs as of September 30, 2020 include cumulative costs on developing projects including the Orogrande, Hazel, and Winkler projects in West Texas.

 

The Company periodically adjusts for the separation of evaluated versus unevaluated costs within its full cost pool to recognize the value impairment related to the expiration of, or changes in market value, of unevaluated leases. The impact of reclassifications as they become necessary is to increase the basis for calculation of future period’s depletion, depreciation and amortization which effectively recognizes the impairment on the consolidated statement of operations over future periods. Reclassified costs also become evaluated costs for purposes of ceiling tests and which may cause recognition of increased impairment expense in future periods. The cumulative unevaluated costs which have been reclassified within our full cost pool totals $5,881,635 as of September 30, 2020.

13

 

TORCHLIGHT ENERGY RESOURCES, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)

 

4.OIL & GAS PROPERTIES - continued

 

Due to the volatility of commodity prices, should oil and natural gas prices decline in the future, it is possible that a further write-down could occur. Proved reserves are estimated quantities of crude oil, natural gas, and natural gas liquids, which geological and engineering data demonstrate with reasonable certainty to be recoverable from known reservoirs under existing economic and operating conditions. The independent engineering estimates include only those amounts considered to be proved reserves and do not include additional amounts which may result from new discoveries in the future, or from application of secondary and tertiary recovery processes where facilities are not in place or for which transportation and/or marketing contracts are not in place. Estimated reserves to be developed through secondary or tertiary recovery processes are classified as unevaluated properties.

 

Current Projects

 

We are an energy company engaged in the acquisition, exploration, exploitation and/or development of oil and natural gas properties in the United States. We are primarily focused on the acquisition of early stage projects, the development and delineation of these projects, and then the monetization of those assets once these activities are completed.

 

Since 2010, our primary focus has been the development of interests in oil and gas projects we hold in the Permian Basin in West Texas. We also hold minor interests in certain other oil and gas projects in Central Oklahoma that we are in the process of divesting.

 

As of September 30, 2020, we had interests in four oil and gas projects: the Orogrande Project in Hudspeth County, Texas, the Hazel Project in Sterling, Tom Green, and Irion Counties, Texas, the Winkler Project in Winkler County, Texas and the wells in Central Oklahoma.

 

Orogrande Project, West Texas

 

On August 7, 2014, we entered into a Purchase Agreement with Hudspeth Oil Corporation (“Hudspeth”), McCabe Petroleum Corporation (“MPC”), and Gregory McCabe, our Chairman. Mr. McCabe was the sole owner of both Hudspeth and MPC. Under the terms and conditions of the Purchase Agreement, we purchased 100% of the capital stock of Hudspeth which held certain oil and gas assets, including a 100% working interest in approximately 172,000 predominately contiguous acres in the Orogrande Basin in West Texas. Mr. McCabe has, at his option, a 10% working interest back-in after payout and a reversionary interest if drilling obligations are not met, all under the terms and conditions of a participation and development agreement among Hudspeth, MPC and Mr. McCabe. Mr. McCabe also holds a 4.5% overriding royalty interest in the Orogrande acreage,- which he obtained prior to, and was not a part of the August 2014 transaction. As of September 30, 2020, leases covering approximately 134,000 acres remain in effect.

 

We believe all drilling obligations through September 30, 2020 have been met.

 

On September 23, 2015, Hudspeth entered into a Farmout Agreement with Pandora Energy, LP (“Pandora”), Founders Oil & Gas, LLC (“Founders”), and for the limited purposes set forth therein, MPC and Mr. McCabe, for the entire Orogrande Project in Hudspeth County, Texas. The Farmout Agreement provided that Hudspeth and Pandora (collectively referred to as “Farmor”) would assign to Founders an undivided 50% of the leasehold interest and a 37.5% net revenue interest in the oil and gas leases and mineral interests in the Orogrande Project, which interests, except for any interests retained by Founders, would be reassigned to Farmor by Founders if Founders did not spend a minimum of $45.0 million on actual drilling operations on the Orogrande Project by September 23, 2017. Under a joint operating agreement also entered into on September 23, 2015, Founders was designated as operator of the leases.

 

Effective March 27, 2017 the property became subject to a DDU Agreement which allows for all 192 existing leases covering approximately 134,000 net acres leased from University Lands to be combined into one drilling and development unit for development purposes. The term of the DDU Agreement expires on December 31, 2023, and the time to drill on the drilling and development unit continues through December 2023. The DDU Agreement also grants the right to extend the DDU Agreement through December 2028 if compliance with the DDU Agreement is met and the extension fee associated with the additional time is paid.

 

Our drilling obligations include four wells in year 2020 and five wells per year in years 2021, 2022 and 2023. We have received a waiver of the requirement to develop four wells in 2020. The drilling obligations are minimum yearly requirements and may be exceeded if acceleration is desired. 

 

During 2017, we assumed operational control from Founders Oil and Gas Operating LLC on the Orogrande Project. We were joined by Wolfbone Investments, LLC, (“Wolfbone”), a company owned by Mr. McCabe. We, along with Hudspeth, Wolfbone and, for the limited purposes set forth therein, Pandora, entered into an Assignment of Farmout Agreement with Founders, (the “Assignment of Farmout Agreement”), pursuant to which we and Wolfbone will share the remaining commitments under the Farmout Agreement. All original provisions of our carried interest were to remain in place including reimbursement to us on each wellbore. Founders was to remain a 9.5% working interest owner in the Orogrande Project for the $9.5 million it had spent as of the date of the Assignment of Farmout Agreement, and such interests were to be carried until $40.5 million is spent by Wolfbone and us, with each contributing 50% of such capital spend, under the existing agreement.

14

 

TORCHLIGHT ENERGY RESOURCES, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)

 

4.OIL & GAS PROPERTIES - continued

 

Our working interest in the Orogrande Project thereby increased by 20.25% to a total of 67.75% and Wolfbone then owned 20.25%.

 

On July 25, 2018, we and Hudspeth entered into a Settlement & Purchase Agreement (the “Settlement Agreement”) with Founders (and Founders Oil & Gas Operating, LLC), Wolfbone and MPC, which agreement provides for Founders assigning all of its working interest in the oil and gas leases of the Orogrande Project to Hudspeth and Wolfbone equally. Future well capital spending obligations remained the same 50% contribution from Hudspeth and 50% from Wolfbone until such time as the $40.5 million to be spent on the project. The Company estimates that there is still approximately $9.0 million remaining to be spent on the project until such time as the capital expenditures revert back to the percentages of the working interest owners.

 

After the assignment by Founders, Hudspeth’s working interest increased to 72.5%.

 

The Company has drilled eight test wells in the Orogrande in order to stay in compliance with University Lands D&D Unit Agreement, as well as, to test for potential shallow pay zones and deeper pay zones that may be present on structural plays. Development of the wells continued into the nine months ended September 30, 2020 to further capture and document the scientific base in support of demonstrating the production potential of the property. The Company is currently marketing the project for an outright sale or farm in partner. This marketing process has been long and arduous as the overall market is quite soft. Due to the size and scope of the project, we are dealing with very large companies that have multitudes of people reviewing our material, which in itself is extensive. During the marketing process, the Company and Wolfbone will endeavor to complete the University Maverick A24 #1 as a potential producer in the Atoka formation. Should a farm out partner or sale not occur, the Company and Wolfbone will continue to drill additional wells in the play in order to fulfill the obligations under the DDU Agreement

 

Rich Masterson, our consulting geologist, is credited with originating the Orogrande Project in Hudspeth County in the Orogrande Basin. With Mr. Masterson’s assistance and based on all the science we have gathered to date, we have identified multiple unconventional and conventional target pay zones with depths between 3,000’ and 8,000’ with primary pay, described as the Penn formation, located at depths of 5,300 to 5,900’. Based on our geologic analysis to date, this basin has stacked pay with zones including the Wolfcamp, Penn, Barnett, Woodford, Atoka and more. These potential zones are prospective for oil and gas with a GOR of 1100 expected based on our gathered scientific information and analysis from independent third parties.

 

On March 9, 2020, holders of notes payable by the Company entered into a Conversion Agreement under which the noteholders elected to convert principal of $6,000,000 and approximately $1,331,000 of accrued interest on the notes, in accordance with their terms, into an aggregate 6% working interest (of all such holders) in the Orogrande Project.

 

The Orogrande Project ownership as of September 30, 2020 is detailed as follows:

 

    Revenue     Working  
    Interest     Interest  
University Lands - Mineral Owner     20.000 %     n/a  
                 
ORRI - Magdalena Royalties, LLC, an entity controlled by Gregory McCabe, Chairman     4.500 %     n/a  
                 
ORRI - Unrelated Party     0.500 %     n/a  
                 
Hudspeth Oil Corporation, a subsidiary of Torchlight Energy Resources Inc.     49.875 %     66.500 %
                 
Wolfbone Investments LLC, an entity controlled by Gregory McCabe, Chairman     18.750 %     25.000 %
                 
Conversion by Note Holders in March, 2020     4.500 %     6.000 %
                 
Unrelated Party     1.875 %     2.500 %
                 
      100.000 %     100.000 %

15

 

TORCHLIGHT ENERGY RESOURCES, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)

 

4.OIL & GAS PROPERTIES - continued

 

Hazel Project in the Midland Basin in West Texas

 

Effective April 4, 2016, TEI acquired from MPC a 66.66% working interest in approximately 12,000 acres in the Midland Basin. A back-in after payout of a 25% working interest was retained by MPC and another unrelated working interest owner.

 

In October 2016, the holders of all of our then-outstanding shares of Series C Preferred Stock (which were issued in July 2016) elected to convert into a total 33.33% working interest in our Hazel Project, reducing our ownership from 66.66% to a 33.33% working interest.

 

The Company has drilled six test wells on the Hazel Project to capture and document the scientific base in support of demonstrating the production potential of the property.

 

Acquisition of Additional Interests in Hazel Project

 

On January 30, 2017, we entered into and closed an Agreement and Plan of Reorganization and a Plan of Merger with an entity which was wholly-owned by Mr. McCabe, which resulted in the acquisition of approximately 40.66% working interest in the 12,000 gross acres, 9,600 net acres, in the Hazel Project. 

 

Also on January 30, 2017, TEI entered into and closed a Purchase and Sale Agreement with Wolfbone. Under the agreement, TEI acquired certain of Wolfbone’s Hazel Project assets, including its interest in the Flying B Ranch #1 well and the 40 acre unit surrounding the well. 

 

Upon the closing of the transactions, our working interest in the Hazel Project increased by 40.66% to a total ownership of 74%.

 

Effective June 1, 2017, we acquired an additional 6% working interest from unrelated working interest owners increasing our working interest in the Hazel project to 80%, and an overall net revenue interest of 74-75%.

 

Mr. Masterson, who assisted with development in our Orogrande project, is also credited with originating the Hazel Project in the Midland Basin.

 

We were required to drill one well every six months to hold the entire 12,000 acre block for eighteen months until to November 22, 2018, and thereafter two wells every six months. During 2019 and the nine months ended September 30, 2020 modifications were completed to mineral owner leases as described below.

 

Lease Modifications

 

In May 2019 we entered into agreements with two of the three mineral owners on the northern section of the leases to keep the entire acreage block as one lease with a one year extension. We issued each of them 50,000 shares of our common stock as consideration for this extension. As of September 30, 2020 we have structured the extension agreement retroactively with the third mineral owner for cash consideration. Due to this extension, our obligation for 2019 reduced to one obligation well. We finished that obligation well targeting a shallow zone that showed oil potential. For the remainder of 2020 the Company must drill one well in June and two wells by the December 31, 2020. Development of the June well was initiated during June, 2020. The December obligation was met under the terms of the Option Agreement. See below.

 

In April 2018, we announced that we have commenced a process that could result in the monetization of the Hazel Project. We believed the development activity at the Hazel Project, coupled with nearby activities of other oil and gas operators, suggested that this project has achieved a level of value worth monetizing. We anticipate that the liquidity that would be provided from selling the Hazel Project would be used to retire debt with any remainder redeployed into the Orogrande Project.

 

Option Agreement with Masterson Hazel Partners, LP

 

On August 13, 2020, our subsidiaries Torchlight Energy, Inc. and Torchlight Hazel, LLC (collectively, “Torchlight”) entered into an option agreement (the “Option Agreement”) with Masterson Hazel Partners, LP (“MHP”) and McCabe Petroleum Corporation. Under the agreement, MHP is obligated to drill and complete, or cause to be drilled and completed, at its sole cost and expense, a new lateral well (the “Well”) on our Hazel Project, sufficient to satisfy Torchlight’s continuous development obligations on the southern half of the prospect no later than September 30, 2020. MHP paid to Torchlight $1,000 as an option fee at the time of execution of the Option Agreement. If MHP fails to meet the September 30, 2020 deadline, then the options granted pursuant to the Option Agreement will automatically terminate, and Torchlight will retain the $1,000 option fee as its sole remedy. MHP is entitled to receive, as its sole recourse for the recoupment of drilling costs, the revenue from production of the Well attributable to Torchlight’s interest until such time as it has recovered its reasonable costs and expenses for drilling, completing, and operating the well.

 

In exchange for MHP satisfying the above drilling obligations, Torchlight granted to MHP the exclusive right and option to perform operations, at MHP’s sole cost and expense, on the Hazel Project sufficient to satisfy Torchlight’s continuous development obligations on the northern half of the prospect. In the event that MHP exercises this drilling option and satisfies the continuous development obligations on the northern half of the prospect, then MHP will have the option to purchase the entire Hazel Project by March 31, 2021, under the terms of the form of Purchase and Sale Agreement included as an exhibit to the Option Agreement, at an aggregate purchase price of $12,690,704 for approximately 9,762.08 net mineral acres, and not less than 74% net revenue interest (approximately $1,300 per net mineral acre).

 

MHP must exercise the above options no later than December 1, 2020, subject to extension to March 11, 2021 if MHP drills the Well on the southern half of the prospect, provides notice no later than December 1, 2020 of its intent to conduct operations on the northern half of the prospect and on or before December 15, 2020, conducts operations sufficient to satisfy the drilling obligations regarding the second well on the northern half of the prospect.

 

In the event MHP exercises its option to purchase the entire Hazel Project, McCabe Petroleum Corporation, which is owned by our chairman Gregory McCabe, has agreed to reduce its reversionary interest in the Hazel Project from 20% to not more than 12.5%.

16

 

TORCHLIGHT ENERGY RESOURCES, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)

 

4.OIL & GAS PROPERTIES - continued

 

On September 18, 2020, the parties entered into a First Amendment to Option Agreement, under which, the date MHP must exercise its options under the Option Agreement was extended. MHP must now exercise the options no later than February 3, 2021, subject to extension to the earlier of May 31, 2021 or the maturity date of the promissory notes held by the David A. Straz, Jr. Foundation and David A. Straz, Jr. Irrevocable Trust DTD 11/11/1986, if MHP drills the well on the southern half of the prospect, provides notice no later than February 3, 2021 of its intent to conduct operations on the northern half of the prospect and on or before February 17, 2021, conducts operations sufficient to satisfy the drilling obligations regarding the second well on the northern half of the prospect.

 

Winkler Project, Winkler County, Texas

 

On December 1, 2017, an Agreement and Plan of Reorganization was entered into with MPC and Warwink Properties, LLC (“Warwink Properties”) to acquire certain assets, including a 10.71875% working interest in approximately 640 acres in Winkler County, Texas. Also on December 1, 2017, MPC closed its transaction with MECO IV, LLC (” MECO”), for the purchase and sale of certain assets. Warwink Properties received a carry from MECO (through the tanks) of up to $1,179,076 in the next well drilled on the Winkler County leases.

 

Also on December 1, 2017, the transactions contemplated by the Purchase Agreement that TEI entered into with MPC closed. Under the Purchase Agreement TEI acquired beneficial ownership of certain of MPC’s assets, including acreage and wellbores located in Ward County, Texas (the “Ward County Assets”).

 

Addition to the Winkler Project

 

As of May 7, 2018 our Winkler project in the Delaware Basin had begun the drilling phase of the first Winkler Project well, the UL 21 War-Wink 47 #2H. Additional acreage was leased by our operating partner under the Area of Mutual Interest Agreement (AMI) and we exercised its right to participate for its 12.5% in the additional 1,080 gross acres. Our carried interest in the first well was applied to this new well and allowed MECO to drill and produce potential revenues sooner than originally planned. The primary leasehold is a 320-acre block and allows for 5,000-foot lateral wells to be drilled. The first well was completed and began production in October, 2018 and is producing currently.

 

The operator has informed us that there will be no planned additional wells in the acreage in 2020. All acreage is presently held by production.

 

During the nine months ended September 30, 2020, the Company transferred a group of marginal unproductive wells (acquired as part of the original Winkler transaction) to the Operator of the properties in exchange for a $7,000 credit against the outstanding account payable due to the Operator. No gain or loss was recognized on the transaction.

 

In December 2018, the Company began to take measures on its own to market the Winkler Project in an effort to focus on the Orogrande. This process is ongoing.

 

Hunton Play, Central Oklahoma

 

Presently, we are producing from one well in the Viking Area of Mutual Interest and one well in Prairie Grove.

 

Assessment for Assets Held for Sale Classification

 

With respect to marketing oil and natural gas properties, the Company has evaluated the properties being marketed to determine whether any should be reclassified as held-for-sale at September 30, 2020. The held-for-sale criteria include: management commits to a plan to sell; the asset is available for immediate sale; an active program to locate a buyer exists; the sale of the asset is probable and expected to be completed within one year; the asset is being actively marketed for sale; and it is unlikely that significant changes to the plan will be made. If each of these criteria is met, the property would be reclassified as held-for-sale on the Company’s consolidated balance sheets and measured at the lower of their carrying amount or estimated fair value less costs to sell. Fair values are estimated using accepted valuation techniques, such as a discounted cash flow model, valuations performed by third parties, earnings multiples, or indicative bids, when available. Management considers historical experience and all available information at the time the estimates are made; however, the fair value that is ultimately realized upon the sale of the assets to be divested may differ from the estimated fair values reflected in the consolidated financial statements. If each of these criteria is met, DD&A expense would not be recorded on assets to be divested once they are classified as held for sale. Based on management’s assessment, certain criteria have not been met and no assets are classified as held for sale as of September 30, 2020.

 

5.RELATED PARTY PAYABLES

 

As of September 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019, related party payables was $45,000, and accrued payroll was $1,131,176 and $996,176, respectively, consisting of accrued and unpaid compensation due to our executive officers.

 

On September 18, 2020, McCabe Petroleum Corporation, an entity owned by Greg McCabe, Torchlight’s Chairman, provided a bridge loan to Torchlight for $1,500,000. See the description below under the subsection “Secured Convertible Promissory Note Issued in Third Quarter, 2020” in Note 9, which description is incorporated herein by reference. The Company evaluated the note for beneficial conversion feature (“BCF”) and derivative accounting criteria and concluded that there was no BCF or derivative accounting treatment applicable.

 

6.COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES

 

Leases

 

The Company is a subtenant on a month to month basis for the occupancy of its office premises.

17

 

TORCHLIGHT ENERGY RESOURCES, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)

 

6.COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES - continued

 

Legal Matters

 

On January 31, 2020, Torchlight Energy Resources, Inc. and its wholly owned subsidiaries Torchlight Energy, Inc. and Torchlight Energy Operating, LLC were served with a lawsuit brought by Goldstone Holding Company, LLC (Goldstone Holding Company, LLC v. Torchlight Energy, Inc., et al., in the 160th Judicial District Court of Dallas County, Texas). On February 24, 2020, Torchlight Energy Resources, Inc., Torchlight Energy, Inc., and Torchlight Energy Operating, LLC timely filed their answer, affirmative defenses, and requests for disclosure. The suit, which seeks monetary relief over $1 million, makes unspecified allegations of misrepresentations involving a November 2015 participation agreement and a 2016 amendment to the participation agreement. The Company has denied the allegations and has asserted several affirmative defenses including but not limited to, that the suit is barred by the applicable statute of limitations, that the claims have been released, and that the claims are barred because of contractual disclaimers between sophisticated parties.

 

On April 30, 2020, our wholly owned subsidiary, Hudspeth Oil Corporation, filed suit against Datalog LWT, Inc. d/b/a Cordax Evaluation Technologies. The suit seeks the recovery of approximately $1.4 million in costs incurred as a result of a tool failure during drilling activities on the University Founders A25 #2 well that is located in the Orogrande Field.  Working interest owner Wolfbone Investments, LLC, a company owned by our Chairman Gregory Mccabe, is a co-plaintiff in that action. After the suit was filed, Cordax filed a mineral lien in the amount of $104,500.01 against the Orogrande Field and has sued the operator and counterclaimed against Hudpspeth for breach of contract, seeking the same amount as the lien.  We are contesting the lien in good faith.  The suit, Hudspeth Oil Corporation and Wolfbone Investments, LLC v. Datalog LWT, Inc. d/b/a Cordax Evaluation Technologies, was filed in the 189th Judicial District Court of Harris County, Texas.  

 

Environmental Matters

 

The Company is subject to contingencies as a result of environmental laws and regulations. Present and future environmental laws and regulations applicable to the Company’s operations could require substantial capital expenditures or could adversely affect its operations in other ways that cannot be predicted at this time. As of September 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019, no amounts had been recorded because no specific liability has been identified that is reasonably probable of requiring the Company to fund any future material amounts. 

 

7.STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY

 

Common Stock

 

On January 10, 2020, the Company sold 600,000 shares of common stock for cash at $0.60 per share for total proceeds of $360,000 in a private placement.

 

On January 16, 2020, the Company announced the closing of its underwritten public offering of 3,285,715 shares of its common stock at a public offering price of $0.70 per share, for total proceeds of $1,997,118 after deducting underwriting discounts and other offering expenses payable by the Company.

 

In May 2020, the Company issued 680,376 shares of common stock in satisfaction of the payment in kind valued at $314,107 due on April 10, 2020 under the terms of the promissory notes held by the Straz Foundation and the Straz Trust (see Note 9 below).

 

In May 2020, we issued 1,630,434 restricted shares of common stock to an investor for the purchase price of $750,000. The investor, Maverick Oil & Gas Corporation, is the operator for our Orogrande Project. Our subsidiary Hudspeth Oil Corporation owed the investor in excess of $750,000 on unpaid balances and cost overruns on work performed on the Orogrande Project, which amount is due and payable now. The investor agreed to a future credit of $750,000 in the balance of accounts receivable owed to it by Hudspeth Oil as consideration for the purchase of the common stock. Under the terms of the sale, we provided registration rights to the investor.

 

On May 20, 2020, the Company announced the closing of its underwritten public offering of 3,450,000 shares of its common stock at a public offering price of $0.34 per share, for total proceeds of $886,622 after deducting underwriting discounts and other offering expenses payable by the Company. In connection with the offering the Company issued 172,500 warrants valued at $36,225 using the Black Scholes method.

18

 

TORCHLIGHT ENERGY RESOURCES, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)

 

7.STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY - continued

 

On June 16, 2020, the Company announced the closing of its registered direct offering of 7,894,737 shares of its common stock at a public offering price of $0.38 per share, for total proceeds of $2,783,691 after deducting underwriting discounts and other offering expenses payable by the Company. In connection with the offering the Company issued 3,157,895 warrants. The warrants were exercised on July 9, 2020 under the cashless provisions in the agreement resulting in the Company issuing 3,157,895 shares of common stock for which no cash was received. Of the total proceeds received from the offering, $854,887 was allocated to the warrants using the pro rata percentage of the number of warrants to the total shares ultimately issued under the offering terms.

 

During the nine months ended September 30, 2020, the Company issued 317,857 shares of common stock with a fair value of $161,750 as compensation for services.

 

During the nine months ended September 30, 2020, the Company issued 40,000 shares of common stock to a vendor with a fair value of $26,000 for delay in payment on outstanding account payable.

 

During the nine months ended September 30, 2020, the Company issued 198,926 shares of common stock to a note holder with a fair value of $65,646 in conversion of principal and accrued interest on a note payable.

 

During the nine months ended September 30, 2020, the Company issued 40,000 shares of common stock to note holders as compensation for extension of the maturity date of the notes. The fair value of the shares was $16,000.

 

During the nine months ended September 30, 2020, the Company issued 257,143 shares of common stock to a vendor with a fair value of $90,000 in payment of an outstanding account payable.

 

During the nine months ended September 30, 2020, the Company issued 100,000 shares of common stock to the former CEO of the Company with a fair value of $45,000 in payment of an accrued liability from prior years.

 

On July 20, 2020, the Company entered into a Sales Agreement to conduct an “at-the-market” equity offering program pursuant to which the Company may issue and sell, from time to time at its sole discretion, shares of its common stock having an aggregate offering price of up to $7,000,000. The Sales Agent is entitled to an aggregate fixed commission of 3.0% of the gross proceeds from shares sold. Gross proceeds from sales of 1,557,173 shares under the Sales Agreement through September 30, 2020 totaled $511,966. Commissions on the sales totaled $72,997, resulting in net proceeds of $438,969 during the period.

 

Warrants and Options

 

During the nine months ended September 30, 2020, the Company issued 715,000 warrants with total fair value of $148,900 as compensation for services and recorded expense of $58,500 related to options issued in prior periods.

 

During the nine months ended September 30, 2020, the Company issued 750,000 warrants valued at $382,500 in connection with the conversion of convertible notes payable into working interest in the Company’s Orogrande Project.

 

During the nine months ended September 30, 2020, the Company issued 600,000 warrants in connection with the sale of 600,000 shares of common stock valued at $360,000 in a private placement.

 

During the nine months ended September 30, 2020, the Company issued 172,500 warrants valued at $36,225 in connection with the offering of common stock on May 20, 2020 as referred to above.

 

In connection with the registered direct offering closed June 16, 2020, as referenced above, the Company issued 3,157,895 warrants. The warrants were exercised on July 9, 2020 under the cashless provisions in the agreement resulting in the Company issuing 3,157,895 shares of common stock for which no cash was received. Of the total proceeds received from the offering $854,887 was allocated to the warrants using the pro rata percentage of the number of warrants to the total shares ultimately issued under the offering terms.

19

 

TORCHLIGHT ENERGY RESOURCES, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)

 

7.STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY - continued

 

A summary of warrants outstanding as of September 30, 2020 by exercise price and year of expiration is presented below:

 

Exercise   Expiration Date in     
Price   2021   2022   2023   2024   2025   Total 
$0.425    -    -    -    -    172,500    172,500 
$0.500    -    -    500,000    -    -    500,000 
$0.70    -    -    -    -    965,000    965,000 
$0.80    -    -    -    -    2,266,667    2,266,667 
$1.03    120,000    -    -    -    -    120,000 
$1.14    -    -    600,000    -    -    600,000 
$1.21    -    -    120,000    -    -    120,000 
$1.35    -    365,455    -    -    -    365,455 
$1.63    -    -    -    100,000    -    100,000 
$1.64    200,000    -    -    -    -    200,000 
$2.00    200,000    -    -    -    -    200,000 
      520,000    365,455    1,220,000    100,000    3,404,167    5,609,622 

 

On June 11, 2020, 4,500,000 stock options previously granted to officers of the Company in 2015 expired.

 

On July 15, 2020, we entered into new one-year employment agreements with John Brda, our President and Chief Executive Officer, and Roger Wurtele, our Chief Financial Officer. As part of their employment compensation, the Compensation Committee granted Mr. Brda an option to purchase a total of up to 2,250,000 shares of common stock, including up to 375,000 shares at an exercise price of $0.50 per share and up to 1,875,000 shares at an exercise price of $1.00 per share, and granted Mr. Wurtele an option to purchase a total of up to 750,000 shares of common stock, including up to 375,000 shares at an exercise price of $0.50 per share and up to 375,000 shares at an exercise price of $1.00 per share. The options were granted under our Amended and Restated 2015 Stock Option Plan. The options of both executives will vest upon either (a) the closing of a change of control occurring prior to July 15, 2021, or (b) the Company entering into a letter of intent with a third party prior to July 15, 2021 that contemplates a change of control, and the change of control transaction closes with that third party (or an affiliate(s) of that third party) at a date not later than July 15, 2022; subject, however, to acceleration and earlier vesting of all of the options in the event of (i) the termination of employment by the employee for “good reason” under his employment agreement or (ii) a determination of the Compensation Committee, at its discretion. In the event of the death or disability of the employee prior to vesting or if the Company terminates the employee’s employment for reasons other than for “cause” under the employment agreement prior to vesting, the option will still vest upon the occurrence of the events described under clauses (a) or (b) above. The options, to the extent such options have not been exercised, will terminate and become null and void on July 15, 2025, if and only if the options vest as described above, or on July 15, 2021, if the options do not vest as described above, subject to the occurrence of the events contemplated under clause (b) above whereby the options would not terminate until July 15, 2022. At such time that the options vest, the Black Scholes valuation of the options will be recorded as an expense.

 

A summary of stock options outstanding as of September 30, 2020 by exercise price and year of expiration is presented below:

 

Exercise   Expiration Date in     
Price   2021   2022   2023   2024   2025   Total 
$0.50    -    -    -    -    750,000    750,000 
$1.00    -    -    -    -    2,250,000    2,250,000 
$0.85    -    -    -    600,000    -    600,000 
$0.97    259,742    -    -    -    -    259,742 
$1.10    -    800,000    -    -    -    800,000 
$1.19    -    -    700,000    -    -    700,000 
$1.57    -    -    -    -    -    - 
$1.63    -    58,026    -    -    -    58,026 
      259,742    858,026    700,000    600,000    3,000,000    5,417,768 

 

At September 30, 2020, the Company had reserved 11,027,390 common shares for future exercise of warrants and options.

20

 

TORCHLIGHT ENERGY RESOURCES, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)

 

7.STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY - continued

 

Warrants and options granted were valued using the Black-Scholes Option Pricing Model. The assumptions used in calculating the fair value of the warrants and options issued were as follows:

 

2020  
   
Risk-free interest rate 0.13% - 1.21%
Expected volatility of common stock 90% - 205%
Dividend yield 0.00%
Discount due to lack of marketability 20%
Expected life of option/warrant Three Years to Five Years
   
2019  
   
Risk-free interest rate 1.77% - 2.46%
Expected volatility of common stock 80% - 107%
Dividend yield 0.00%
Discount due to lack of marketability 20%
Expected life of option/warrant Three Years to Five Years

 

8.INCOME TAXES

 

The Company recorded no income tax provision at September 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019 because of losses incurred.

 

The Company estimates its annual effective income tax rate in recording its quarterly provision for income taxes in the various jurisdictions in which it operates. Statutory tax rate changes and other significant or unusual items are recognized as discrete items in the quarter in which they occur. The Company recorded no income tax expense for the nine months ended September 30, 2020 because the Company expects to incur a tax loss in the current year. Similarly, no income tax expense was recognized for the nine months ended September 30, 2019.

 

The Company had a net deferred tax asset related to federal net operating loss carryforwards of $72,806,721 and $66,984,025 at September 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019, respectively. The federal net operating loss carryforward will begin to expire in 2034. Realization of the deferred tax asset is dependent, in part, on generating sufficient taxable income prior to expiration of the loss carryforwards. The Company has placed a 100% valuation allowance against the net deferred tax asset because future realization of these assets is not assured.

 

9.PROMISSORY NOTES

 

Promissory Notes Issued in 2017

 

On April 10, 2017, we sold two 12% unsecured promissory notes with a total of $8,000,000 in principal amount to David A. Straz, Jr. Foundation (the “Straz Foundation”) and the David A. Straz, Jr. Irrevocable Trust DTD 11/11/1986 (the “Straz Trust”) in a private transaction. Interest only is due and payable on the notes each month at the rate of 12% per annum, with a balloon payment of the outstanding principal due and payable at maturity on April 10, 2020. The holders of the notes will also receive annual payments of common stock at the rate of 2.5% of principal amount outstanding, based on a volume-weighted average price. Both notes were sold at an original issue discount of 94.25% and accordingly, we received total proceeds of $7,540,000 from the investors. We used the proceeds for working capital and general corporate purposes, which includes, without limitation, drilling capital, lease acquisition capital and repayment of prior debt.

 

These 12% promissory notes allow for early redemption. The notes also contain certain covenants under which we have agreed that, except for financing arrangements with established commercial banking or financial institutions and other debts and liabilities incurred in the normal course of business, we will not issue any other notes or debt offerings which have a maturity date prior to the payment in full of the 12% notes, unless consented to by the holders.

21

 

TORCHLIGHT ENERGY RESOURCES, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)

 

9.PROMISSORY NOTES - continued

 

The effective interest rate is 16.15%.

 

On April 24, 2017, we used $2,509,500 of the proceeds from this financing to redeem and repay a portion of the outstanding 12% Series B Convertible Unsecured Promissory Notes. Separately, $1,000,000 of the principal amount of the Series B Notes plus accrued interest was converted into 1,007,890 shares of common stock and $64,297 was rolled into the new debt financing.

 

On February 20, 2020, the Company extended the maturity on $4 million of the 12% unsecured promissory notes previously due in April, 2020. The maturity date of the subject promissory note has been extended for one year, from April 10, 2020 to April 10, 2021.

 

As part of the terms of this extension agreement, the Company paid the noteholder a fee of $80,000 on February 20, 2020. The promissory note was originally issued in April 2017, and provides for monthly payments of interest only at the rate of 12% per annum, with a balloon payment of the outstanding principal due and payable at maturity.

 

Promissory Notes Issued in 2018

 

On February 6, 2018, we sold to the Straz Trust in a private transaction a 12% unsecured promissory note with a principal amount of $4,500,000. Interest only was due and payable on the note each month at the rate of 12% per annum, with a balloon payment of the outstanding principal due and payable at maturity on April 10, 2020. The holder of the note will also receive annual payments of common stock at the rate of 2.5% of principal amount outstanding, based on a volume-weighted average price. We sold the note at an original issue discount of 96.27% and accordingly, we received total proceeds of $4,332,150 from the investor. We used the proceeds for working capital and general corporate purposes, which includes, without limitation, drilling capital, lease acquisition capital and repayment of prior debt.

 

This 12% promissory note allows for early redemption, provided that if we redeem before February 6, 2019, we must pay the holder all unpaid interest and common stock payments on the portion of the note redeemed that would have been earned through February 6, 2019. The note also contains certain covenants under which we have agreed that, except for financing arrangements with established commercial banking or financial institutions and other debts and liabilities incurred in the normal course of business, we will not issue any other notes or debt offerings which have a maturity date prior to the payment in full of the 12% note, unless consented to by the holder.

 

The effective interest rate is 15.88%.

 

Extension of Promissory Notes

 

On April 24, 2020, the Company entered into a Note Amendment Agreement with each of the Straz Foundation, as a lender, the Straz Trust, as a lender and collateral agent, and The Northern Trust Company and Christopher M. Straz, as co-trustees of the Straz Trust. Under the Note Amendment Agreement, the parties agreed to amend and restate the two promissory notes issued to the Straz Trust on April 10, 2017 and February 6, 2018 that have total principal outstanding of $8,500,000, along with the promissory note issued to the Straz Foundation on April 10, 2017 which had an outstanding principal amount of $4,000,000. Under the Note Amendment Agreement, the maturity dates of the two promissory notes held by the Straz Trust and the Note held by the Foundation were extended to April 10, 2021. We had previously extended the maturity date of the promissory note held by the Straz Foundation to April 10, 2021.

 

Under the Note Amendment Agreements, we and our subsidiaries provided a first priority lien on certain collateral in favor of the collateral agent for the benefit of the lenders. The collateral includes all assets and property held by Hudspeth Oil Corporation and Torchlight Hazel, LLC, which includes without limitation our working interest in certain oil and gas leases in Hudspeth County, Texas, known as the “Orogrande Project” and our working interest in certain oil and gas leases in the Midland Basin in West Texas, known as the “Hazel Project.” Further, these subsidiaries, along with Torchlight Energy, Inc., provided guaranty with respect to payment of the three promissory notes. The Note Amendment Agreements also provide that (a) upon any disposition of less than 100% of Borrower’s right, title and interest in and to the Orogrande Project or the Hazel Project, we must prepay an amount equal to 75% of the proceeds thereof (up to the outstanding amount due under the notes), unless such disposition results in us owning less than a 45% working interest (on an 8/8ths basis) in the Orogrande Project or the Hazel Project, in which case the prepayment amount is to be equal to 100% of such proceeds (up to the outstanding amount due under the notes); and (b) upon any disposition of 100% of our right, title and interest in and to the Orogrande Project or the Hazel Project, we must prepay an amount equal to 100% of the proceeds thereof (up to the outstanding amount due under the notes).

 

Additionally, the promissory notes, as amended, now provide conversion rights whereby the lenders will have the right, at each such lender’s option, to convert any portion of principal and interest into shares of common stock of Torchlight Energy Resources, Inc. at a conversion price of $1.50 per share.

22

 

TORCHLIGHT ENERGY RESOURCES, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)

 

9.PROMISSORY NOTES - continued

 

The Note Amendment Agreements (as further amended) provided that no later than May 25, 2020, we were obligated to pay: (a) to the lenders all past due interest that has accrued on the existing promissory notes, and (b) to the Straz Trust a fee of $170,000, which payments were made. Further, the agreements have certain negative covenants regarding related party transactions, dividends, stock repurchases, grants of liens on other assets, and payment of accrued executive compensation. There are also typical affirmative covenants regarding legal compliance and payment of taxes. The agreements also provide certain notice and disclosure requirements, including notice of material events, such as defaults under other obligations and litigation. The $170,000 extension fee was paid on May 22 and the interest payments were made on June 17, 2020 within the terms of a forbearance agreement which provided an extension of the due date of the interest payments.

 

All other terms and conditions of the three original promissory notes remain substantially unchanged, including without limitation, monthly payments of interest only at the rate of 12% per annum, with a balloon payment of the outstanding principal due and payable at maturity, and annual payments of common stock at the rate of 2.5% of the principal amount outstanding, based on a volume-weighted average price.

 

In May 2020 and April 2019, respectively, the holders of the notes described above received 680,376 and 202,316 shares of common stock as a payment in kind representing the annual payments of common stock due at the rate of 2.5% of principal amount outstanding as of April 10 based on a volume-weighted average price calculation.

 

The 12% promissory note transactions through September 30, 2020 are summarized as follows:

 

      
12% 2020 Unsecured promissory note balance - December 31, 2019  $12,377,830 
      
Note principal converted to common stock on July 14, 2020   (64,297)
Accretion of discount and amortization of debt issuance costs   304,275 
Debt extension fee paid   (250,000)
      
12% 2021 Secured promissory note balance - September 30, 2020  $12,367,808 

 

Convertible Notes Issued in October, 2018

 

On October 17, 2018, we sold to certain investors in a private transaction 16% Series C Unsecured Convertible Promissory Notes with a total principal amount of $6,000,000. Interest and principal were due and payable on the notes in one balloon payment at maturity on April 17, 2020. The notes were convertible, at the election of the holders, into an aggregate 6% working interest in certain oil and gas leases in Hudspeth County, Texas, known as our “Orogrande Project.” After an analysis of the transaction and a review of applicable accounting pronouncements, management concluded that the notes issued on October 17, 2018 which contain a conversion right for holders to convert into a working interest in the Orogrande Project of the Company, meet a specific scope exception to the provisions requiring derivative accounting.

23

 

TORCHLIGHT ENERGY RESOURCES, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)

 

9.PROMISSORY NOTES - continued

 

On March 9, 2020, each of the noteholders entered into a Conversion Agreement with us and our subsidiary Hudspeth Oil Corporation (“Hudspeth”), under which the noteholders elected to convert the notes, in accordance with their terms, into an aggregate 6% working interest (of all such holders) in certain oil and gas leases in Hudspeth County, Texas, known as our “Orogrande Project.” Principal of $6,000,000 and approximately $1,331,000 of accrued interest were converted at March 9, 2020.

 

The Conversion Agreements also provided additional consideration to the noteholders including a limited carry, a top-off obligation of us and Hudspeth, and warrants to purchase a total of 750,000 restricted shares of our common stock, which warrants will have a term of five years and an exercise price of $0.70 per share. The limited carry provides that for the remainder of the 2020 calendar year, Hudspeth will pay all costs and expenses attributable to the assigned working interests, except where prohibited by law or regulation. The top-off obligation provides that, subject to the terms and conditions of the Conversion Agreements, if (a) we sell our entire working interest in the Orogrande Project, (b) as part of such sale, the holder’s entire working interests are sold, and (c) the gross proceeds received by all the holders in such transaction are equal to less than $9,000,000; then we must pay the holders an amount equal to $9,000,000, (i) less gross proceeds the holders received in the transaction, (ii) less the amount of the carry the holders received under the Conversion Agreements, and (iii) less any gross proceeds the holders received in any farmouts occurring prior to the transaction.

 

The transaction was treated as an extinguishment of debt. The fair value of the working interest transferred in the conversion of the debt was $8,778,000 and the value of warrants issued to the holders was $382,500. The Company recognized a loss on extinguishment of debt in the amount of $1,829,651 during the nine months ended September 30, 2020.

 

Convertible Notes Issued in First Quarter 2019

 

On February 11, 2019 the Company raised a total of $2,000,000 from investors through the sale of two 14% Series D Unsecured Convertible Promissory Notes. Principal was payable in a lump sum at maturity on May 11, 2020 with payments of interest payable monthly at the rate of 14% per annum. Holders of the notes have the right to convert principal and interest at any time into common stock at a conversion price of $1.08 per share. The Company has the right to redeem the notes at any time, provided that the redemption amount must include all interest that would have been earned through maturity. The Company evaluated the notes for beneficial conversion features and derivative accounting criteria and concluded that derivative accounting treatment is not applicable.

 

On April 21, 2020, Torchlight Energy Resources, Inc. entered into agreements to amend the two 14% Series D Unsecured Convertible Promissory Notes that were originally issued on February 11, 2019. Under the amendment agreements, (a) the maturity dates were extended from May 11, 2020 to November 11, 2021, (b) the conversion price under which the noteholders may convert into our common stock was changed from $1.08 to $0.43, and (c) the noteholders were provided the right, at each noteholder’s election, to convert their notes into either (i) a working interest in the Orogrande Project at the rate of one acre per $1,100 of principal and unpaid interest converted, or (ii) a working interest in the Hazel Project at the rate of one acre per $1,300 of principal and unpaid interest converted; provided, that the noteholders’ right to convert into either such working interest is subject to approval of the collateral agent of the Note Amendment Agreement with the Straz parties.

 

Under the note amendments, the noteholders agreed to forebear demand or collection on all interest payments due and payable under the Note, including any past due interest payments, for 20 days after the execution of the Note Amendment Agreement. Further, we agreed to (a) issue each holder 20,000 restricted shares of common stock immediately and (b) pay each holder a fee of $10,000, at the same time as the payment of past due interest is paid. The past due interest and fee was paid.

 

These two promissory notes will continue to provide for monthly payments of interest only at the rate of 14% per annum, with a balloon payment of the outstanding principal due and payable at maturity.

24

 

TORCHLIGHT ENERGY RESOURCES, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)

 

9.PROMISSORY NOTES - continued

 

Convertible Notes Issued in Third Quarter 2019

 

In July 2019, the Company issued 8% Unsecured Convertible Promissory notes in the amount of $2,010,000 together with warrants to purchase our common stock. Principal and 8% interest are due at maturity on May 21, 2021. The principal and accrued interest on the notes are convertible into shares of common stock at $1.10 per common share at any time after the original issue date. Along with the notes, the three year warrants equal to 20% of the number of shares of common stock issuable upon the conversion of the notes were issued to note holders. The warrants are exercisable at $1.35 per share.

 

Warrants issued along with the notes meet the requirements of the scope exemptions in ASC 815-10-15-74 and are thus classified as equity upon issuance. The Company determined the fair value of the warrants using the Black Scholes pricing formula and is recognized as a discount on the carrying amount of the notes and is credited to additional paid in capital. The fair value of the warrants at the issuance date was determined to be $240,455.

 

A beneficial conversion feature (“BCF”) of a convertible note is normally characterized as the convertible portion feature that provides a rate of conversion that is below market value or “in the money” when issued. The BCF related to the issuance of the notes was recorded at the issuance date. The BCF was measured using the intrinsic value method and is shown as a discount to the carrying amount of the convertible note and is credited to additional paid in capital. The intrinsic value of the BCF at the issuance date of the notes was determined to be $1,145,546.

 

The allocated fair values of the BCF and the warrants was recorded as a debt discount from the face amount of the notes and such discount is being accreted over the expected term of the notes and is charged to interest expense. The Company recognized interest expense of $452,772 from the amortization of debt discount from notes for the nine months ended September 30, 2020.

 

The Company evaluated the July 2019 notes for derivative accounting criteria and concluded that derivative accounting treatment was not applicable.

 

Convertible Notes Issued in Fourth Quarter 2019

 

Effective October 31, 2019, the Company issued 10% Unsecured Convertible Promissory notes in the amount of $540,000. Principal and interest are due at maturity on December 3, 2020. The principal and accrued interest on the notes are convertible into shares of common stock at $0.75 per common share at any time after the original issue date. The notes are convertible, at the election of the holders, into an aggregate 0.367% working interest in our Orogrande Project.

 

The Company evaluated the October 2019 notes for BCF and derivative accounting criteria and concluded that there was no BCF or derivative accounting treatment applicable.

 

Paycheck Protection Program Loan

 

In response to the COVID-19 pandemic, the U.S. Small Business Administration (the “SBA”) made available low-interest rate loans to qualified small businesses, including under its Paycheck Protection Program (the “PPP”). On April 10, 2020, in order to supplement its cash balance, the Company submitted an application for a loan (“SBA loan”) in the amount of $77,477. On May 1, 2020, Company’s SBA loan application was approved and the Company received the loan proceeds. The SBA loan has an interest rate of 0.98% and matures in April 2022.

 

Section 1106 of the CARES Act provides for forgiveness of up to the full principal amount of qualifying loans guaranteed under the PPP. The PPP and loan forgiveness are intended to provide economic relief to small businesses, such as the Company, that are adversely impacted under the COVID-19 Emergency Declaration issued by President Trump on March 13, 2020. The Company will apply for loan forgiveness.

 

Secured Convertible Promissory Note Issued in Third Quarter, 2020

 

On September 18, 2020, McCabe Petroleum Corporation, a company owned by our chairman Gregory McCabe (“MPC”), loaned us $1,500,000, evidenced by a 6% Secured Convertible Promissory Note (the “MPC Note”). The note bears interest at the rate of 6% per annum and provides for payment of the principal amount along with all accrued and unpaid interest in one lump sum payment on its maturity date of May 10, 2021. In connection with the proposed business combination transaction with Metamaterial Inc. (“Metamaterial”), the note provides the following requirements on the use of proceeds of the loan as follows: (i) we will lend $500,000 to Metamaterial pursuant to an 8% Unsecured Convertible Promissory Note (the “Metamaterial Note”); (ii) we will retain and use $500,000 for general corporate purposes, including without limitation, expenses incurred by us in connection with the proposed business combination transaction; and (iii) we will deposit $500,000 into an escrow account, to be held in escrow. If we and Metamaterial enter into a definitive agreement by the later of November 30, 2020 or such later date that is agreed to by us and Metamaterial in writing, the $500,000 from this escrow account will be released to us, and we will lend this amount to Metamaterial pursuant to another convertible promissory note (the “Second Metamaterial Note”). If we do not enter into a definitive agreement by the later of November 30, 2020 or such later date that is agreed to in writing, the $500,000 from this escrow account will be released back to MPC and deducted from the principal amount outstanding under the MPC Note.

 

The MPC Note is secured by our pledge of the Metamaterial Note and the Second Metamaterial Note (if issued). If we and Metamaterial do not enter into a definitive agreement by the later of November 30, 2020 or such later date that is agreed to in writing, then promptly after that date, we will assign to MPC the Metamaterial Note in full repayment and discharge of $500,000 (plus accrued and unpaid interested on the Metamaterial Note) of the principal amount of the MPC Note, and the remaining $500,000 (less accrued and unpaid interested on the Metamaterial Note) of the principal amount, plus all unpaid interest accrued under the MPC Note, will remain subject to the MPC Note. If a definitive agreement is entered into by the later of November 30, 2020 or such later date that is agreed to in writing, but the proposed business combination transaction is terminated prior to closing or otherwise does not close by the maturity date of the MPC Note, then we will assign to MPC both the Metamaterial Note and Second Metamaterial Note in full repayment and discharge of $1,000,000 (plus accrued and unpaid interested on the Metamaterial Note and Second Metamaterial Note) of the principal amount of the MPC Note, and the remaining $500,000 (less accrued and unpaid interested on the Metamaterial Note and Second Metamaterial Note) of the principal amount, plus all unpaid interest accrued under the MPC Note, will remain subject to the MPC Note.

25

 

TORCHLIGHT ENERGY RESOURCES, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)

 

9.PROMISSORY NOTES - continued

 

The MPC Note also provides that if (i) we and Metamaterial do not enter into a definitive agreement by the later of November 30, 2020 or such later date that is agreed to in writing, or (ii) we and Metamaterial enter into a definitive agreement but the proposed transaction is terminated prior to closing or otherwise does not close by the maturity date of the MPC Note, then at such time and until the maturity date, MPC will have the right, at its option, to convert up to $500,000 of the remaining principal amount of the MPC Note, plus all unpaid interest accrued under the MPC Note, into shares of our common stock at a conversion price of $0.375 per share. Additionally, if the proposed transaction with Metamaterial closes, all principal and interest under the MPC Note will automatically convert into shares of our common stock at $0.375 per share. The Company evaluated the notes for a beneficial conversion feature (“BCF”) and derivative accounting criteria and concluded that there was no BCF or derivative accounting treatment applicable.

 

Loan to Metamaterial Inc.

 

On September 20, 2020, we loaned Metamaterial $500,000, evidenced by an 8% Unsecured Convertible Promissory Note (the “Metamaterial Note”). The note bears interest at the rate of 8% per annum and provides for payment of the principal amount along with all accrued and unpaid interest in one lump sum payment on its maturity date of September 20, 2022. Metamaterial has the right to redeem after 120 days. The note is convertible at the price of $0.35 (CAD) per share at the option of the holder if the definitive agreement for the proposed transaction between us and Metamaterial is not entered into by November 2, 2020 (unless extended in writing by the parties) or the definitive agreement is entered but is terminated or expires without closing. The date was extended to November 30, 2020 on November 2, 2020. The Company evaluated the notes for a beneficial conversion feature (“BCF”) and derivative accounting criteria and concluded that there was no BCF or derivative accounting treatment applicable.

 

10.ASSET RETIREMENT OBLIGATIONS

 

The following is a reconciliation of the asset retirement obligations liability through September 30, 2020:

 

Asset retirement obligations – December 31, 2019  $23,319 
      
Accretion expense   142 
Estimated liabilities recorded   - 
      
Asset retirement obligations – March 31, 2020  $23,461 
      
Accretion expense   142 
Estimated liabilities recorded   - 
      
Asset retirement obligations – June 30, 2020  $23,603 
      
Accretion expense   142 
Estimated liabilities recorded   - 
      
Asset retirement obligations – September 30, 2020  $23,745 

 

11.SUBSEQUENT EVENTS

 

Hazel Project Option Agreement

 

In accordance with the terms of the Option Agreement (see Note 4), Masterson Hazel Partners, LP exercised its option on August 17, 2020 to drill the well that was required to meet the Company’s drilling obligation on the southern half of the prospect. The development of that well is in progress at date of this filing.

26

 

ITEM 2. MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

 

Overview

 

We are an energy company engaged in the acquisition, exploration, exploitation and/or development of oil and natural gas properties in the United States. We are primarily focused on the acquisition of early stage projects, the development and delineation of these projects, and then the monetization of those assets once these activities are completed.

 

Since 2010, our primary focus has been the development of interests in oil and gas projects we hold in the Permian Basin in West Texas, including the Orogrande Project in Hudspeth County, Texas, the Hazel Project in the Midland Basin and the project in Winkler County, Texas in the Delaware Basin. We also hold interests in certain other oil and gas projects that we are in the process of divesting, including the Hunton wells project as part of a partnership with Husky Ventures, Inc., or Husky, in Central Oklahoma.

 

We employ a private equity model within a public platform, with the goal to (i) enter into a play at favorable valuations, (ii) “prove up” and delineate the play through committed capital and exhaustive geologic and engineering review, and (iii) monetize our position through an exit to public and private independents that can continue full-scale development. Rich Masterson, our consulting geologist, has originated several of our current plays, as discussed below, based on his tenure as a geologist since 1974. He is credited with originating the Wolfbone shale play in the Southern Delaware Basin of West Texas and has prepared prospects totaling over 150,000 acres that have been leased, drilled and are currently being developed by Devon Energy Corp., Occidental Petroleum Corporation, Noble Energy, and Samson Oil & Gas Ltd., among others.

 

In April 2018, we announced that we have commenced a process that could result in the monetization of the Hazel Project. Pursuant to our corporate strategy, in our opinion the development activity at the Hazel Project, coupled with nearby activities of other oil and gas operators, is indicative of this project having achieved a level of value that suggests monetization. We believed that the liquidity that would be provided from selling the Hazel Project would be used for debt retirement with any remainder being redeployed into the Orogrande Project. The Hazel Project is currently subject to an Option Agreement, as described above under Note 4.

 

We are also currently marketing the Orogrande Project for an outright sale or farm in partner and are taking measures on our own to market the Winkler Project. These efforts are continuing.

 

On September 21, 2020, we announced that we entered into a non-binding letter of intent with Metamaterial Inc. for a proposed business combination transaction. See subsection titled “Recent Developments” below.

 

We operate our business through five wholly-owned subsidiaries, Torchlight Energy, Inc., a Nevada corporation, Torchlight Energy Operating, LLC, a Texas limited liability company, Hudspeth Oil Corporation, a Texas corporation, Torchlight Hazel, LLC, a Texas limited liability company, and Warwink Properties, LLC, a Texas limited liability company. We currently have four full-time employees and we employ consultants for various tasks as needed.

 

Our principal executive offices are located at 5700 W. Plano Parkway, Suite 3600, Plano, Texas 75093. The telephone number of our principal executive offices is (214) 432-8002.

 

The following discussion of our financial condition and results of operations should be read in conjunction with our unaudited financial statements included herewith and our audited financial statements for the year ended December 31, 2019. This discussion should not be construed to imply that the results discussed herein will necessarily continue into the future, or that any conclusion reached herein will necessarily be indicative of actual operating results in the future. Such discussion represents only the best present assessment by our management.

27

 

ITEM 2. MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS - continued

 

Historical Results for the nine months ended September 30, 2020 and 2019:

 

Revenues and Cost of Revenues

 

For the nine months ended September 30, 2020, we had production revenue of $191,819 compared to $619,054 for the nine months ended September 30, 2019. Refer to the table of production and revenue included below for quarterly changes in revenue. Our cost of revenue, consisting of lease operating expenses and production taxes, was $171,664 and $358,424 for the nine months ended September 30, 2020 and 2019, respectively.

 

Property  Quarter  Oil Production {BBLS}  Gas Production {MCF}  Oil Revenue   Gas Revenue   Total Revenue 
                      
Oklahoma  Q1 - 2020  181  468  $583   $1,000   $1,583 
Hazel (TX)  Q1 - 2020  0  0  $-   $-   $- 
MECO (TX)  Q1 - 2020  1,863  1,559  $81,530   $1,507   $83,037 
Total Q1-2020     2,044  2,027  $82,113   $2,507   $84,620 
                         
Oklahoma  Q2 - 2020  28  448  $774   $156   $930 
Hazel (TX)  Q2 - 2020  0  0  $-   $-   $- 
MECO (TX)  Q2 - 2020  1,389  747  $44,223   $324   $44,547 
Total Q2-2020     1,417  1,195  $44,997   $480   $45,477 
                         
Oklahoma  Q3 - 2020  69  1,096  $2,084   $494   $2,578 
Hazel (TX)  Q3 - 2020  0  0  $-   $-   $- 
MECO (TX)  Q3 - 2020  1,480  680  $57,774   $1,370   $59,144 
Total Q3-2020     1,549  1,776  $59,858   $1,864   $61,722 
                         
2020 Year To Date     5,010  4,998  $186,968   $4,851   $191,819 
                         
Oklahoma  Q1 - 2019  56  1,072  $2,567   $2,333   $4,900 
Hazel (TX)  Q1 - 2019  2,864  0  $131,901   $-   $131,901 
MECO (TX)  Q1 - 2019  3,525  2,565  $167,677   $6,359   $174,036 
Total Q1-2019     6,445  3,637  $302,145   $8,692   $310,837 
                         
Oklahoma  Q2 - 2019  43  1,770  $2,477   $2,450   $4,927 
Hazel (TX)  Q2 - 2019  1,123  0  $64,302   $-   $64,302 
Meco (TX)  Q2 - 2019  2,585  2,623  $156,259   $11,587   $167,846 
Total Q2-2019     3,751  4,393  $223,038   $14,037   $237,075 
                         
Oklahoma  Q3 - 2019  0  0  $-   $-   $- 
Hazel (TX)  Q3 - 2019  0  0  $-   $-   $- 
Meco (TX)  Q3 - 2019  1,320  4,522  $71,064   $78   $71,142 
Total Q3-2019     1,320  4,522  $71,064   $78   $71,142 
                         
Oklahoma  Q4 - 2019  166  3,766  $8,873   $1,895   $10,768 
Hazel (TX)  Q4 - 2019  0  0  $-   $-   $- 
Meco (TX)  Q4 - 2019  2,102  5,890  $110,894   $5,547   $116,441 
Total Q4-2019     2,268  9,656  $119,767   $7,442   $127,209 
                         
2019 Year To Date     13,784  22,208  $716,014   $30,249   $746,263 

 

During the nine months ended September 30, 2020, oil production decreased due to down time associated with equipment repair and typical decline in production from the MECO property.

28

 

ITEM 2. MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS - continued

 

We recorded depreciation, depletion, and amortization expense of $802,316 for the nine months ended September 30, 2020 compared to $355,050 for the nine months ended September 30, 2019.

 

General and Administrative Expenses

 

Our general and administrative expenses for the nine months ended September 30, 2020 and 2019 were $2,244,804 and $2,557,343, respectively, a decrease of $312,539. Our general and administrative expenses consisted of consulting and compensation expense, substantially all of which was non-cash or deferred, accounting and administrative costs, professional fees, and other general corporate expenses. The change in general and administrative expenses for the nine months ended September 30, 2020 compared to 2019 is detailed as follows:

 

Increase(decrease) in non cash stock and warrant compensation  $(475,072)
Increase(decrease) in consulting expense   (64,561)
Increase(decrease) in professional fees   (82,178)
Increase(decrease) in investor relations   131,231 
Increase(decrease) in travel expense   (7,787)
Increase(decrease) in salaries and compensation   34,875 
Increase(decrease) in legal fees   69,793 
Increase(decrease) in insurance   72,082 
Increase(decrease) in rent   (14,622)
Increase(decrease) in accounting and audit fees   13,803 
Increase(decrease) in general corporate expenses   9,897 
      
Total Decrease in General and Administrative Expenses  $(312,539)

 

Historical Results for the three months ended September 30, 2020 and 2019:

 

Revenues and Cost of Revenues

 

For the three months ended September 30, 2020, we had production revenue of $61,722 compared to $71,142 for the three months ended September 30, 2019. Refer to the table of production and revenue presented above for quarterly changes in revenue. Our cost of revenue, consisting of lease operating expenses and production taxes, was $23,644 and $117,104 for the three months ended September 30, 2020 and 2019, respectively.

 

We recorded depreciation, depletion, and amortization expense of $77,118 for the three months ended September 30, 2020 compared to $27,355 for the three months ended September 30, 2019.

 

General and Administrative Expenses

 

Our general and administrative expenses for the three months ended September 30, 2020 and 2019 were $590,369 and $849,425 respectively, a decrease of $259,056. Our general and administrative expenses consisted of consulting and compensation expense, substantially all of which was non-cash or deferred, accounting and administrative costs, professional consulting fees, and other general corporate expenses. The change in general and administrative expenses for the three months ended September 30, 2020 compared to 2019 is detailed as follows:

 

Increase(decrease) in non cash stock and warrant compensation  $(112,342)
Increase(decrease) in consulting expense   (125,000)
Increase(decrease) in professional fees   (73,069)
Increase(decrease) in investor relations   (7,624)
Increase(decrease) in travel expense   (4,420)
Increase(decrease) in salaries and compensation   58,295 
Increase(decrease) in legal fees   33,471 
Increase(decrease) in insurance   14,233 
Increase(decrease) in rent   (4,918)
Increase(decrease) in accounting and audit fees   (22,823)
Increase(decrease) in general corporate expenses   (14,859)
      
Total Decrease in General and Administrative Expenses  $(259,056)

29

 

ITEM 2. MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS - continued

 

Liquidity and Capital Resources

 

At September 30, 2020, we had working capital deficit of $16,259,366 and total assets of $35,973,118. Stockholders’ equity was $15,713,135. The negative working capital is principally due to accumulated accounts payable balances at September 30, 2020 and notes payable which are payable within one year.

 

Cash flows from operating activities for the nine months ended September 30, 2020 was $(1,304,309) compared to $(178,588) for the nine months ended September 30, 2019, a decrease of $1,125,721. Cash flows from operating activities for the nine months ended September 30, 2020 can be primarily attributed to net loss from operations of $7,878,064, stock based compensation of $395,150, a loss on extinguishment of debt $1,829,651, a $2,108,301 impairment loss, and other noncash expense adjustments. Cash flows from operating activities for the nine months ended September 30, 2019 can be primarily attributed to net loss from operations of $3,820,145 and $854,720, in stock compensation expense, an impairment expense of $474,357 and changes in other noncash expense adjustments. Reference the Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for additional detail of the components that comprise the net use of cash in operations. We expect to continue to use cash flow in operating activities until such time as we achieve sufficient commercial oil and gas production to cover all of our cash costs.

 

Cash flows from investing activities for the nine months ended September 30, 2020 was $(5,570,495) compared to $(6,612,843) for the nine months ended September 30, 2019. Cash flows from investing activities principally consists of investment in oil and gas properties in Texas.

 

Cash flows from financing activities for the nine months ended September 30, 2020 was $7,543,877 as compared to $6,711,723 for the nine months ended September 30, 2019. Cash flows from financing activities consists of proceeds from issuance of our common stock, proceeds from a subscription receivable, and additional borrowings under notes payable. We expect to continue to have cash flow provided by financing activities as we seek new rounds of financing and continue to develop our oil and gas investments.

 

We will require additional debt or equity financing to meet our plans and needs. We face obstacles in continuing to attract new financing due to industry conditions and our history and current record of net losses. Despite our efforts, we can provide no assurance that we will be able to obtain the financing required to meet our stated objectives or even to continue as a going concern.

 

We do not expect to pay cash dividends on our common stock in the foreseeable future.

 

Commitments and Contingencies-

 

Operating Leases

 

Effective June 1, 2019 the Company entered into an agreement with a company that had been subleasing a portion of its office space to become the primary obligor on the lease and to assume full responsibility for lease payments after lease expiration on November 30, 2019. The Company has continued after November 30, 2019 as a subtenant on a month-to-month basis.

 

Environmental matters

 

We are subject to contingencies as a result of environmental laws and regulations. Present and future environmental laws and regulations applicable to our operations could require substantial capital expenditures or could adversely affect our operations in other ways that cannot be predicted at this time. As of September 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019, no amounts have been recorded because no specific liability has been identified that is reasonably probable of requiring us to fund any future material amounts.

 

Recent Developments

 

On September 21, 2020, we announced that we entered into a non-binding letter of intent with Metamaterial Inc., an Ontario business corporation headquartered in Nova Scotia, Canada (“Metamaterial”), for a proposed business combination transaction. On November 2, 2020, the letter of intent was extended. See our current reports on Form 8-K filed on September 23, 2020 and November 2, 2020 for a description of the proposed parameters of the transaction.

 

ITEM 3. QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK

 

Not Applicable

30

 

ITEM 4. CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES

 

Disclosure Controls and Procedures

 

Under the supervision and with the participation of our management, including our Chief Executive Officer (principal executive officer) and Chief Financial Officer (principal financial officer), we evaluated the effectiveness of the design and operation of our disclosure controls and procedures, as defined in Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e) under the Exchange Act, as of September 30, 2020. Based on this evaluation, our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer concluded that our disclosure controls and procedures were effective to ensure that the information required to be disclosed by us in the reports we submit under the Exchange Act is recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the time periods specified in the applicable rules and forms and that such information was accumulated and communicated to our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, in a manner that allowed for timely decisions regarding disclosure.

 

Changes in Internal Control over Financial Reporting

 

There were no changes during the quarter ended September 30, 2020 that materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting.

 

PART II OTHER INFORMATION

 

ITEM 1. LEGAL PROCEEDINGS

 

On January 31, 2020, Torchlight Energy Resources, Inc. and its wholly owned subsidiaries Torchlight Energy, Inc. and Torchlight Energy Operating, LLC were served with a lawsuit brought by Goldstone Holding Company, LLC (Goldstone Holding Company, LLC v. Torchlight Energy, Inc., et al., in the 160th Judicial District Court of Dallas County, Texas). On February 24, 2020, Torchlight Energy Resources, Inc., Torchlight Energy, Inc., and Torchlight Energy Operating, LLC timely filed their answer, affirmative defenses, and requests for disclosure. The suit, which seeks monetary relief over $1 million, makes unspecified allegations of misrepresentations involving a November 2015 participation agreement and a 2016 amendment to the participation agreement. We have denied the allegations and have asserted several affirmative defenses including but not limited to, that the suit is barred by the applicable statute of limitations, that the claims have been released, and that the claims are barred because of contractual disclaimers between sophisticated parties.

 

On April 30, 2020, our wholly owned subsidiary, Hudspeth Oil Corporation, filed suit against Datalog LWT, Inc. d/b/a Cordax Evaluation Technologies. The suit seeks the recovery of approximately $1.4 million in costs incurred as a result of a tool failure during drilling activities on the University Founders A25 #2 well that is located in the Orogrande Field.  Working interest owner Wolfbone Investments, LLC, a company owned by our Chairman Gregory Mccabe, is a co-plaintiff in that action. After suit was filed, Cordax filed a mineral lien in the amount of $104,500.01 against the Orogrande Field and has sued the operator and counterclaimed against Hudpspeth for breach of contract, seeking the same amount as the lien.  We are contesting the lien in good faith.  The suit, Hudspeth Oil Corporation and Wolfbone Investments, LLC v. Datalog LWT, Inc. d/b/a Cordax Evaluation Technologies, was filed in the 189th Judicial District Court of Harris County, Texas.

 

ITEM 1A. RISK FACTORS

 

There were no material changes to the risk factors disclosed in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2019, except for such risks and uncertainties associated with the COVID-19 pandemic, as disclosed below. The risks described in the Annual Report on Form 10-K and in this Form 10-Q are not the only risks we face. Additional risks and uncertainties not currently known to us, or that we deem to be immaterial, also may have a material adverse impact on our business, financial condition or results of operations.

 

An occurrence of an uncontrollable event such as the COVID-19 pandemic is likely to negatively affect, and has to date negatively affected, our operations.

 

The occurrence of an uncontrollable event such as the COVID-19 pandemic is likely to, and has already, negatively affected our operations. A pandemic typically results in social distancing, travel bans and quarantine, and the effects of, and response to, the COVID-19 pandemic has limited access to our facilities, properties, management, support staff and professional advisors. These, in turn, have not only negatively impacted our operations and financial condition, but our overall ability to react timely to mitigate the impact of this event. Further, the COVID-19 pandemic has resulted in declines in the demand for, and the price of, oil and gas, and it is unclear how long this decline will last. The full effect on our business and operation is currently unknown. In the event that the effects of COVID-19 continue in the future and/or the economy continues to deteriorate, we may be forced to curtail our operations and may be unable to pay our debt obligations as they come due.

31

 

ITEM 1A. RISK FACTORS - continued

 

The coronavirus/COVID-19 pandemic has had a negative effect on oil and gas prices, and depending on the severity and longevity of the pandemic, it may result in a major economic recession which will continue to depress oil and gas prices and cause our business and results of operations to suffer.

 

The inability and/or unwillingness of individuals to congregate in large groups, travel and/or visit retail businesses or travel outside of their homes will, and has to date, had a negative effect on the demand for, and the current prices of, oil and gas. Additionally, the demand for oil and gas is based partially on global economic conditions. If the COVID-19 pandemic results in a global economic recession, there will be a continued negative effect on the demand for oil and gas and this will have a negative effect on our operating results. All of the above may be exacerbated in the future as the COVID-19 outbreak and the governmental responses thereto continue. Concerns about global economic growth have had a significant adverse impact on global financial markets and commodity prices. If the economic climate in the United States or abroad continues to deteriorate, demand for petroleum products could further diminish, which will impact the price at which we can sell our oil and gas, impact the value of our working interests and other oil and gas assets, affect the ability of our vendors, suppliers and customers to continue operations, affect our operations and ultimately adversely impact our results of operations, liquidity and financial condition.

 

The proposed business combination transaction with Metamaterial may not be completed on the terms or timeline currently contemplated, or at all, and we will incur significant expenses in connection with the steps we will take to pursue the business combination transaction.

 

The consummation of the proposed business combination transaction with Metamaterial is subject to numerous conditions, including (i) entry into a definitive arrangement agreement, which is subject to our and Metamaterial’s satisfactory completion of due diligence and the negotiation of the final terms and conditions of the business combination transaction, (ii) the absence of certain legal impediments to the consummation of the proposed business combination transaction, (iii) the approval of the business combination transaction by our stockholders and Metamaterial’s stockholders, and (iv) the satisfaction of certain customary and deal-specific conditions to closing that will be contemplated under the final arrangement agreement. We cannot assure you that the proposed business combination will be consummated on the terms or timeline currently contemplated, or at all.

 

Further, we have expended, and will continue to expend, significant management time and resources and have incurred, and will continue to incur, significant expenses due to legal, advisory and financial services fees related to the proposed business combination transaction. These expenses must be paid regardless of whether the proposed business combination is consummated. Our management’s focus on the proposed business combination could reduce their ability to adequately manage our operations, and the financial expenses associated with the proposed business combination transaction may harm our cash position, both of which may negatively impact our business.

 

ITEM 2. UNREGISTERED SALES OF EQUITY SECURITIES AND USE OF PROCEEDS 

 

In July 2020, we issued 198,926 shares of common stock to a noteholder in the conversion of $65,646 in principal and accrued interest on his promissory note.